Estimated intake of intense sweeteners from non-alcoholic beverages in Denmark

Torben Leth, N. Fabricius, Sisse Fagt

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In 1999, 116 samples of non-alcoholic beverages were analysed for the intense sweeteners cyclamate, acesulfame-K, aspartame and saccharin. High contents of cyclamate close to the maximum permitted level in 1999 of 400 mgl(-1) were found in many soft drinks. The estimated intake of the sweeteners was calculated using the Danish Dietary Survey based on 3098 persons aged 1-80 years. The estimated intake with 90th percentiles of 0.7, 4.0 and 0.2 mgkg(-1) body weight (bw) day(-1) for acesulfame-K, aspartame and saccharin, respectively, was much lower than the acceptable daily intake (ADI) values of 15, 40 and 2.5 mgkg(-1) bw day(-1) for acesulfame-K, aspartame and saccharin, respectively. However, the 90th percentile of the estimated cyclamate intake in 1-3 year olds was close to the ADI value of 7mg kg(-1) bw day(-1); and the 99th percentile in the 1 - 10 year olds far exceeded the ADI value. Boys aged 7 - 10 years had a significantly higher estimated intake of cyclamate than girls. The 90th percentile for the whole population was 1.8 mg kg(-1) bw day(-1). After the reduction in the maximum permitted level in the European Union in 2004 from 400 to 250mg cyclamate 1(- 1), the exposure in Denmark can also be expected to be reduced. A new investigation in 2007 should demonstrate whether the problem with high cyclamate intake is now solved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFood Additives and Contaminants Part A-chemistry Analysis Control Exposure & Risk Assessment
Volume24
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)227-235
ISSN0265-203X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • cyclamate
  • estimated intake
  • acesulfame-K
  • children
  • Denmark
  • intense sweeteners
  • saccharin
  • aspartame

Cite this