Essential motions in a fungal lipase with bound substrate, covalently attached inhibitor and product

Günther H.J. Peters, R.P. Bywater

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

As an aid to understanding the influence of dynamic fluctuations during esterolytic catalysis, we follow protein flexibility at three different steps along the catalytic pathway from substrate binding to product clearance via a covalently attached inhibitor, which represents a transition-state mimic. We have applied a classical approach, using molecular dynamics simulations to monitor protein dynamics in the nanosecond regime. We filter out small amplitude fluctuations and focus on the anharmonic contributions to the overall dynamics. This 'essential dynamics' analysis reveals different modes of response along the pathway suggesting that binding, catalysis and product clearance occur along different energy surfaces. Motions in the enzyme with a covalently attached ligand are more complex and occur along several eigenvectors. The magnitudes of the fluctuations in these individual subspaces are significantly smaller than those observed for the substrate and product molecules, indicating that the energy surface is shallow and that a relatively large number of conformational substates are accessible. On the other hand, substrate binding and product release occur at distinct modes of the protein flexibility suggesting that these processes occur along rough energy surfaces with only a few minima. Detailed energetic analyses along the trajectories indicated that in all cases binding is dominated by van der Waals interactions. The carboxylate form of the product is stabilized by a tight hydrogen bond network involving in particular Ser82, which may be a potential cause of product inhibition. Considerations such as these should aid the understanding of mechanisms of substrate, inhibitor or product recognition and could become of importance in the design of new substrates or inhibitors for enzymes. Copyright (C) 2002 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Molecular Recognition
Volume15
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)393-404
Number of pages14
ISSN0952-3499
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Enzyme
  • Essential dynamics
  • Molecular modelling
  • Structure–function relationships
  • Protein stability

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Essential motions in a fungal lipase with bound substrate, covalently attached inhibitor and product'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this