Equivalent to Represent Inertial and Primary Frequency Control Effects of an External System

Johannes Tilman Gabriel Weckesser, Thierry Van Cutsem

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This paper presents a novel equivalent, which is suitable for simulation of inertial and primary frequency control effects. In the model reduction procedure, dynamic power injectors are used to replace the external system and to mimic its dynamic behavior. The parameters of the equivalents are tuned with a simple approach presented in this paper. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated on a modified version of the ENTSO-E Dynamic Study Model. The results show that the system frequency response of the unreduced system is retained and a speedup of the simulations of around 4.0 is achieved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E T Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

This paper is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted for publication in IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at the IET Digital Library.


  • Model reduction
  • Equivalent
  • Frequency dynamics

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