Methods: GG hydrogels were loaded with the enzyme urease by incubation in 5% (w/v) urease solution and mineralized for 5 days in five different media denoted as UA, UB, UC, UD and UE, which contained urea (0.17 M) and different concentrations of CaCl2 and MgCl2 (270:0, 202.5:67.5, 135:135, 67.5:202.5 and 0:250, respectively (mmol dm-3)). Discs were autoclaved and subjected to physiochemical, mechanical and cell biological characterization.
Results: FTIR, SEM, TGA and XRD analysis revealed that increasing magnesium concentration decreased mineral crystallinity. At low magnesium concentrations calcite was formed, while at higher concentrations magnesian calcite was formed. Hydromagnesite formed at high magnesium concentration in the absence of calcium. Amount of mineral formed and compressive strength decreased with increasing magnesium concentration in the mineralization medium. ICP analysis revealed that Ca:Mg elemental ratio in the mineral formed was higher than in the respective mineralization media. Mineralization of hydrogels promoted adhesion and growth of osteoblast-like cells, which were supported best on mineralized hydrogels containing no or little magnesium. Hydrogels mineralized with hydromagnesite displayed higher cytotoxicity.
Discussion: Enzymatic mineralization of GG hydrogels with CaCO3 in the form of calcite successfully reinforced hydrogels and promoted osteoblast-like cell adhesion and growth, but Mg enrichment had no positive effect. This is in contrast with other studies reporting that incorporation of Mg into GG mineralized with CaP promotes cell adhesion and proliferation.
Conclusion: Sample groups UA and UB seem to be the most promising due to the superior amount of mineral formed and cell adhesion and proliferation.
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Event||10th World Biomaterials Congress - Montreal, Canada|
Duration: 17 May 2016 → 22 May 2016
|Conference||10th World Biomaterials Congress|
|Period||17/05/2016 → 22/05/2016|
Bibliographical notePoster presentation