4-α-glucanotransferase (E.C. 18.104.22.168) mediated glucan transfer in starch provides opportunities for production of clean label starch ingredients with unique gelling properties. 4-α-glucanotransferases belong to the monospecific glycoside hydrolase family 77 (GH77). Here, pH-temperature optima, steady-state kinetics, potato starch modifying properties and structural folds are reported for six phylogenetically distinct GH77 members, representing four different domain architectures including a novel dual catalytic domain 4-α-glucanotransferase from Lactococcus lactis. Four of the enzymes exhibited starch modifying activity leading to a gradual decrease of the amylose content, elongation of amylopectin chains, and enabling formation of firm starch gels. Unexpectedly, these diverse enzymes catalyzed similar changes in chain length distributions. However, the amylose depletion and amylopectin elongation rates spanned more than two orders of magnitude between the enzyme showing very different specific activities. Tt4αGT from Thermus thermophilus had highest temperature optimum (73 °C) and superior potato starch modifying efficacy compared to the other five enzymes.
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|Publication status||Published - 2023|
- Enzymatic potato starch modification
- Chain length distribution analysis