Environmental sustainability of food production and consumption in the nordic and baltic region - a scoping review for nordic nutrition recommendations 2023

Helen Harwatt*, Tim G. Benton, Jan Bengtsson, Bryndis Eva Birgisdόttir, Kerry Ann Brown, Corné Van Dooren, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Morten Graversgaard, Thorhallur Halldorsson, Michael Hauschild, Anne Høyer-Lund, Bob Van Oort, Merja Saarinen, Hanna L. Tuomisto, Ellen Trolle, Olafur Ögmundarson, Rune Blomhoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review

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Abstract

This scoping review examines environmental impacts related to food production and consumption in Nordic and Baltic countries. The overarching advice to all Nordic and Baltic countries, in line with the current body of scientific literature, is to shift to a more plant based dietary pattern and avoid food waste. Taking into account current consumption patterns, there is a high potential and necessity to shift food consumption across the countries to minimize its environmental impact. More specifically, a substantial reduction in meat and dairy consumption and increased consumption of legumes/pulses, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds is suggested as a priority intervention. Reducing the environmental impacts of seafoods is also key and suggestions include a shift to seafoods with lower environmental impacts such as seaweed and bivalves. As part of the suggested transition to a more plant-based diet, the scope for increasing the provision of plant-based foods through increasing the cultivation of legumes/pulses, vegetables and grains and through feed-to-food shifts within the region should be explored.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFood and Nutrition Research
Volume68
ISSN1102-6510
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Environmental impact
  • Food consumption

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