Environmental factors affecting recruitment of northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) in West Greenland waters

Kai Wieland, H. Siegstad

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Abstract

Survey estimates of biomass of Northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis) in West Greenland waters increased from about 178000 tons in 1998 to about 598000 tons in 2003. The increase in stock size was preceded by several consecutive years in which recruitment was substantially above average. Recruitment has been poor since then despite record high levels of female stock biomass. Ricker type stock-recruitment functions did not indicate that the variability in recruitment was related to female biomass. Multiple regression analysis revealed that mean female length, ambient bottom temperature and biomass of Greenland halibut (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides) had the most important effect on the variations of the recruit per female biomass time series for the years 1993 to 2011. Variables which did not contribute significantly to the model included biomass of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). This can be explained by the low stock size of Atlantic cod throughout the major part of the study period. The final model explained 83% of the variation in the recruit per female biomass index. However, the observations for 5 out of the 19 years considered in the present study were outside the 95% confidence interval of the fitted model, possibly due to a mismatch between the timing of larval hatch and the timing of the phytoplankton bloom, which could not adequately be addressed due to data limitations

Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Volume469
Pages (from-to)297-306
ISSN0171-8630
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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