Dietary intake of probiotic bacteria has been shown to impart health effects, however, maintaining viable cells in foods and during passage of the adverse conditions in the upper gastro-intestinal tract is often a problem. The objective of this research was to develop and characterize novel food-grade phase-separated gelatin-maltodextrin (G-MD) microspheres, where the gelatin was cross-linked with transglutaminase (TGase), to determine if encapsulated probiotic lactic acid bacteria were protected during exposure to simulated upper gastro-intestinal tract conditions. The stability, size, structure and protective ability of G-MD microspheres as a function of different TGase concentrations and gelatin bloom strengths were tested. The G-MD microspheres made with gelatin A 300 bloom and a TGase concentration of 10. U/g prevented pepsin-induced degradation of the microspheres in simulated gastric juice (pH. 2.0, 2. h, 37. °C), resulting in significantly (p.
- Lactic acid bacteria
- Simulated gastro-intestinal juices
- Functional foods