Entanglement swapping for generation of heralded time-frequency-entangled photon pairs

Dashiell L. P. Vitullo, M. G. Raymer, B. J. Smith*, Michal Karpinski, L. Mejling, Karsten Rottwitt

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Photonic time-frequency entanglement is a promising resource for quantum information processing technologies. We investigate swapping of continuous-variable entanglement in the time-frequency degree of freedom using three-wave mixing in the low-gain regime with the aim of producing heralded biphoton states with high purity and low multipair probability. Heralding is achieved by combining one photon from each of two biphoton sources via sum-frequency generation to create a herald photon. We present a realistic model with pulsed pumps, investigate the effects of resolving the frequency of the herald photon, and find that frequency-resolving measurement of the herald photon is necessary to produce high-purity biphotons. We also find a trade-off between the rate of successful entanglement swapping and both the purity and quantified entanglement resource (negativity) of the heralded biphoton state.
Original languageEnglish
Article number023836
JournalPhysical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics)
Volume98
Issue number2
Number of pages15
ISSN2469-9926
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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