Ensemble-based forecasting at Horns Rev: Ensemble conversion and kernel dressing

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    Abstract

    For management and trading purposes, information on short-term wind generation (from few hours to few days ahead) is even more crucial at large offshore wind farms, since they concentrate a large capacity at a single location. The most complete information that can be provided today consists of probabilistic forecasts, the resolution of which may be maximized by using meteorological ensemble predictions as input. The paper concentrates on the test case of the Horns Rev wind farm over a period of approximately one year, in order to describe, apply and discuss a complete ensemble-based forecasting methodology. In a first stage, ensemble forecasts of meteorological variables are converted to power through a suitable power curve model. The relevance and benefits of employing a newly developed orthogonal fitting method for the power curve model over the traditional least-squares one are discussed. The obtained ensemble forecasts of wind power are then converted into predictive distributions with an original adaptive kernel dressing method. The shape of the kernels is driven by a mean-variance model, the parameters of which are recursively estimated in order to maximize the overall skill of obtained predictive distributions. Such a methodology has the benefit of yielding predictive distributions that are of increased reliability (in a probabilistic sense) in comparison with the raw ensemble forecasts, while taking advantage of their high resolution.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationLyngby
    PublisherTechnical University of Denmark, DTU Informatics, Building 321
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    SeriesD T U Compute. Technical Report
    Number2009-01
    ISSN1601-2321

    Cite this

    Pinson, P., & Madsen, H. (2009). Ensemble-based forecasting at Horns Rev: Ensemble conversion and kernel dressing. Lyngby: Technical University of Denmark, DTU Informatics, Building 321. D T U Compute. Technical Report, No. 2009-01