Enhancing organic matter removal in desalination pretreatment systems by application of dissolved air flotation

Yulia Shutova, Barun Lal Karna, Adam C. Hambly, Belinda Lau, Rita K. Henderson, Pierre Le-Clech

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Membrane fouling in reverse osmosis (RO) systems caused by organic matter (OM) remains a significant operational issue during desalination. Dissolved air flotation (DAF) has recently received attention as a pre-treatment option for seawater OM removal; however, only a limited number of studies have been undertaken. This may be because it is difficult to characterise OM in seawater due to the high salt content and low carbon concentration. In this study, DAF pre-treatment experiments were conducted using a model seawater solution, and real seawater and brackish water samples. DAF performance was determined via conventional water quality parameters as well as fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (FEEM) spectroscopy and liquid chromatography with organic carbon detection (LC-OCD). Biopolymers and humic substances were the major organic fractions removed between 38 and 84% and 20-61% depending on the sample, respectively. The optimal normalised coagulant dose (Fe3+ to DOC ratio) was observed to be 0.5-4 at pH5.5 increasing to 4-12 at pH7.5. At pH5.5, the optimum coagulant dose increased with increasing humic character of the feed water. Overall, the OM removal efficiency by DAF observed in this study was higher than reported for other membrane-based processes; a combination of DAF and biofiltration is likely to be complementary.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDesalination
Volume383
Pages (from-to)12-21
ISSN0011-9164
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemistry (all)
  • Materials Science (all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Desalination
  • Dissolved organic carbon
  • Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix
  • LC-OCD
  • PARAFAC
  • Air
  • Biogeochemistry
  • Biological materials
  • Biopolymers
  • Coagulation
  • Dissolution
  • Flotation
  • Fluorescence
  • Liquid chromatography
  • Membrane fouling
  • Organic carbon
  • Organic compounds
  • Seawater
  • Water analysis
  • Water quality
  • Dissolved air flotations
  • Fluorescence excitation emission matrix
  • Fluorescence excitation emission matrixes (FEEM)
  • Organic carbon detection
  • Water quality parameters
  • Water treatment

Cite this

Shutova, Yulia ; Karna, Barun Lal ; Hambly, Adam C. ; Lau, Belinda ; Henderson, Rita K. ; Le-Clech, Pierre. / Enhancing organic matter removal in desalination pretreatment systems by application of dissolved air flotation. In: Desalination. 2016 ; Vol. 383. pp. 12-21.
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title = "Enhancing organic matter removal in desalination pretreatment systems by application of dissolved air flotation",
abstract = "Membrane fouling in reverse osmosis (RO) systems caused by organic matter (OM) remains a significant operational issue during desalination. Dissolved air flotation (DAF) has recently received attention as a pre-treatment option for seawater OM removal; however, only a limited number of studies have been undertaken. This may be because it is difficult to characterise OM in seawater due to the high salt content and low carbon concentration. In this study, DAF pre-treatment experiments were conducted using a model seawater solution, and real seawater and brackish water samples. DAF performance was determined via conventional water quality parameters as well as fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (FEEM) spectroscopy and liquid chromatography with organic carbon detection (LC-OCD). Biopolymers and humic substances were the major organic fractions removed between 38 and 84{\%} and 20-61{\%} depending on the sample, respectively. The optimal normalised coagulant dose (Fe3+ to DOC ratio) was observed to be 0.5-4 at pH5.5 increasing to 4-12 at pH7.5. At pH5.5, the optimum coagulant dose increased with increasing humic character of the feed water. Overall, the OM removal efficiency by DAF observed in this study was higher than reported for other membrane-based processes; a combination of DAF and biofiltration is likely to be complementary.",
keywords = "Chemical Engineering (all), Mechanical Engineering, Chemistry (all), Materials Science (all), Water Science and Technology, Desalination, Dissolved organic carbon, Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix, LC-OCD, PARAFAC, Air, Biogeochemistry, Biological materials, Biopolymers, Coagulation, Dissolution, Flotation, Fluorescence, Liquid chromatography, Membrane fouling, Organic carbon, Organic compounds, Seawater, Water analysis, Water quality, Dissolved air flotations, Fluorescence excitation emission matrix, Fluorescence excitation emission matrixes (FEEM), Organic carbon detection, Water quality parameters, Water treatment",
author = "Yulia Shutova and Karna, {Barun Lal} and Hambly, {Adam C.} and Belinda Lau and Henderson, {Rita K.} and Pierre Le-Clech",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1016/j.desal.2015.12.018",
language = "English",
volume = "383",
pages = "12--21",
journal = "Desalination",
issn = "0011-9164",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Enhancing organic matter removal in desalination pretreatment systems by application of dissolved air flotation. / Shutova, Yulia; Karna, Barun Lal; Hambly, Adam C.; Lau, Belinda; Henderson, Rita K.; Le-Clech, Pierre.

In: Desalination, Vol. 383, 2016, p. 12-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhancing organic matter removal in desalination pretreatment systems by application of dissolved air flotation

AU - Shutova, Yulia

AU - Karna, Barun Lal

AU - Hambly, Adam C.

AU - Lau, Belinda

AU - Henderson, Rita K.

AU - Le-Clech, Pierre

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Membrane fouling in reverse osmosis (RO) systems caused by organic matter (OM) remains a significant operational issue during desalination. Dissolved air flotation (DAF) has recently received attention as a pre-treatment option for seawater OM removal; however, only a limited number of studies have been undertaken. This may be because it is difficult to characterise OM in seawater due to the high salt content and low carbon concentration. In this study, DAF pre-treatment experiments were conducted using a model seawater solution, and real seawater and brackish water samples. DAF performance was determined via conventional water quality parameters as well as fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (FEEM) spectroscopy and liquid chromatography with organic carbon detection (LC-OCD). Biopolymers and humic substances were the major organic fractions removed between 38 and 84% and 20-61% depending on the sample, respectively. The optimal normalised coagulant dose (Fe3+ to DOC ratio) was observed to be 0.5-4 at pH5.5 increasing to 4-12 at pH7.5. At pH5.5, the optimum coagulant dose increased with increasing humic character of the feed water. Overall, the OM removal efficiency by DAF observed in this study was higher than reported for other membrane-based processes; a combination of DAF and biofiltration is likely to be complementary.

AB - Membrane fouling in reverse osmosis (RO) systems caused by organic matter (OM) remains a significant operational issue during desalination. Dissolved air flotation (DAF) has recently received attention as a pre-treatment option for seawater OM removal; however, only a limited number of studies have been undertaken. This may be because it is difficult to characterise OM in seawater due to the high salt content and low carbon concentration. In this study, DAF pre-treatment experiments were conducted using a model seawater solution, and real seawater and brackish water samples. DAF performance was determined via conventional water quality parameters as well as fluorescence excitation-emission matrix (FEEM) spectroscopy and liquid chromatography with organic carbon detection (LC-OCD). Biopolymers and humic substances were the major organic fractions removed between 38 and 84% and 20-61% depending on the sample, respectively. The optimal normalised coagulant dose (Fe3+ to DOC ratio) was observed to be 0.5-4 at pH5.5 increasing to 4-12 at pH7.5. At pH5.5, the optimum coagulant dose increased with increasing humic character of the feed water. Overall, the OM removal efficiency by DAF observed in this study was higher than reported for other membrane-based processes; a combination of DAF and biofiltration is likely to be complementary.

KW - Chemical Engineering (all)

KW - Mechanical Engineering

KW - Chemistry (all)

KW - Materials Science (all)

KW - Water Science and Technology

KW - Desalination

KW - Dissolved organic carbon

KW - Fluorescence excitation-emission matrix

KW - LC-OCD

KW - PARAFAC

KW - Air

KW - Biogeochemistry

KW - Biological materials

KW - Biopolymers

KW - Coagulation

KW - Dissolution

KW - Flotation

KW - Fluorescence

KW - Liquid chromatography

KW - Membrane fouling

KW - Organic carbon

KW - Organic compounds

KW - Seawater

KW - Water analysis

KW - Water quality

KW - Dissolved air flotations

KW - Fluorescence excitation emission matrix

KW - Fluorescence excitation emission matrixes (FEEM)

KW - Organic carbon detection

KW - Water quality parameters

KW - Water treatment

U2 - 10.1016/j.desal.2015.12.018

DO - 10.1016/j.desal.2015.12.018

M3 - Journal article

VL - 383

SP - 12

EP - 21

JO - Desalination

JF - Desalination

SN - 0011-9164

ER -