Enhancing heavy load wear resistance of AISI 4140 steel through the formation of a severely deformed compound-free nitrided surface layer

Bo Wang, Bin Liu, Xiaodan Zhang, Jianfeng Gu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The tribological application of gas nitriding on alloy gears used under high-speed and heavy-duty conditions has been limited owing to the intrinsic characteristics of the traditional gas-nitrided layers. Complex phenomena of wear failure are involved under such harsh conditions, therefore a tougher nitrided layer with excellent comprehensive performance is necessary to prevent them. To this aim a severely deformed compound-free nitrided layer with an outermost ultra-fine-crystalline layer and a subsurface deformed nitrogen diffusion zone was prepared on an AISI 4140 sample through the combined treatment of controlled gas nitriding and ultrasonic shot peening. The effect of the severely deformed compound-free nitrided layer on the hardness, toughness and wear properties was investigated. The enhanced wear resistance under heavy load after the combined treatment can be attributed to the good combination of surface hardness and toughness, as well as the significantly enhanced residual compressive stress. The two-step surface treatment provides an effective approach to enhancing the wear resistance of heavy-duty gears.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume356
Pages (from-to)89-95
ISSN0257-8972
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Controlled gas nitriding
  • Compound-free nitrided layer
  • Ultrasonic shot peening
  • Wear resistance
  • Residual compressive stress

Cite this

@article{88e82af5b5ee4e1c85b05ddf396d4fb7,
title = "Enhancing heavy load wear resistance of AISI 4140 steel through the formation of a severely deformed compound-free nitrided surface layer",
abstract = "The tribological application of gas nitriding on alloy gears used under high-speed and heavy-duty conditions has been limited owing to the intrinsic characteristics of the traditional gas-nitrided layers. Complex phenomena of wear failure are involved under such harsh conditions, therefore a tougher nitrided layer with excellent comprehensive performance is necessary to prevent them. To this aim a severely deformed compound-free nitrided layer with an outermost ultra-fine-crystalline layer and a subsurface deformed nitrogen diffusion zone was prepared on an AISI 4140 sample through the combined treatment of controlled gas nitriding and ultrasonic shot peening. The effect of the severely deformed compound-free nitrided layer on the hardness, toughness and wear properties was investigated. The enhanced wear resistance under heavy load after the combined treatment can be attributed to the good combination of surface hardness and toughness, as well as the significantly enhanced residual compressive stress. The two-step surface treatment provides an effective approach to enhancing the wear resistance of heavy-duty gears.",
keywords = "Controlled gas nitriding, Compound-free nitrided layer, Ultrasonic shot peening, Wear resistance, Residual compressive stress",
author = "Bo Wang and Bin Liu and Xiaodan Zhang and Jianfeng Gu",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.09.066",
language = "English",
volume = "356",
pages = "89--95",
journal = "Surface and Coatings Technology",
issn = "0257-8972",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Enhancing heavy load wear resistance of AISI 4140 steel through the formation of a severely deformed compound-free nitrided surface layer. / Wang, Bo; Liu, Bin; Zhang, Xiaodan; Gu, Jianfeng.

In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 356, 2018, p. 89-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhancing heavy load wear resistance of AISI 4140 steel through the formation of a severely deformed compound-free nitrided surface layer

AU - Wang, Bo

AU - Liu, Bin

AU - Zhang, Xiaodan

AU - Gu, Jianfeng

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The tribological application of gas nitriding on alloy gears used under high-speed and heavy-duty conditions has been limited owing to the intrinsic characteristics of the traditional gas-nitrided layers. Complex phenomena of wear failure are involved under such harsh conditions, therefore a tougher nitrided layer with excellent comprehensive performance is necessary to prevent them. To this aim a severely deformed compound-free nitrided layer with an outermost ultra-fine-crystalline layer and a subsurface deformed nitrogen diffusion zone was prepared on an AISI 4140 sample through the combined treatment of controlled gas nitriding and ultrasonic shot peening. The effect of the severely deformed compound-free nitrided layer on the hardness, toughness and wear properties was investigated. The enhanced wear resistance under heavy load after the combined treatment can be attributed to the good combination of surface hardness and toughness, as well as the significantly enhanced residual compressive stress. The two-step surface treatment provides an effective approach to enhancing the wear resistance of heavy-duty gears.

AB - The tribological application of gas nitriding on alloy gears used under high-speed and heavy-duty conditions has been limited owing to the intrinsic characteristics of the traditional gas-nitrided layers. Complex phenomena of wear failure are involved under such harsh conditions, therefore a tougher nitrided layer with excellent comprehensive performance is necessary to prevent them. To this aim a severely deformed compound-free nitrided layer with an outermost ultra-fine-crystalline layer and a subsurface deformed nitrogen diffusion zone was prepared on an AISI 4140 sample through the combined treatment of controlled gas nitriding and ultrasonic shot peening. The effect of the severely deformed compound-free nitrided layer on the hardness, toughness and wear properties was investigated. The enhanced wear resistance under heavy load after the combined treatment can be attributed to the good combination of surface hardness and toughness, as well as the significantly enhanced residual compressive stress. The two-step surface treatment provides an effective approach to enhancing the wear resistance of heavy-duty gears.

KW - Controlled gas nitriding

KW - Compound-free nitrided layer

KW - Ultrasonic shot peening

KW - Wear resistance

KW - Residual compressive stress

U2 - 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.09.066

DO - 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.09.066

M3 - Journal article

VL - 356

SP - 89

EP - 95

JO - Surface and Coatings Technology

JF - Surface and Coatings Technology

SN - 0257-8972

ER -