Enhanced Voltage Control of VSC-HVDC Connected Offshore Wind Farms Based on Model Predictive Control

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This paper proposes an enhanced voltage control strategy (EVCS) based on model predictive control (MPC) for voltage source converter based high voltage direct current (VSCHVDC) connected offshore wind farms (OWFs). In the proposed MPC based EVCS, all wind turbine generators (WTGs) as well as the wind farm side VSC are optimally coordinated to keep voltages within the feasible range and reduce system power losses. Considering the high ratio of the OWF collector system, the effects of active power outputs of WTGs on voltage control are also taken into consideration. The predictive model of VSC with a typical cascaded control structure is derived in details. The sensitivity coefficients are calculated by an analytical method to improve the computational efficiency. A VSC-HVDC connected OWF with 64 WTGs was used to validate the proposed voltage control strategy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Volume9
Issue number1
Number of pages13
ISSN1949-3029
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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(c) 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.

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    Research areas

  • Model predictive control (MPC), Offshore wind farms (OWFs), Power loss, Voltage control, VSC-HVDC
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