Engineering Cobalt Phosphide (CoP) Thin Film Catalysts for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Activity on Silicon Photocathodes

Thomas R. Hellstern, Jesse D. Benck, Jakob Kibsgaard, Christopher Hahn, Thomas F. Jaramillo

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Transition metal phosphide catalysts have recently emerged as active, earth abundant alternatives to precious metals for the hydrogen evolution reaction in acid. High performance, scalable catalysts are necessary for the successful implementation of photoelectrochemical water splitting devices, which have the potential to generate hydrogen in a sustainable manner. Herein, a general synthetic route is reported to produce transition metal phosphide thin films, which is used to fabricate cobalt phosphide (CoP) catalysts with high average turnover frequency (TOFavg), 0.48 H-2 s(-1) and 1.0 H-2 s(-1) at 100 and 120 mV overpotential, respectively. Furthermore, it is shown that CoP thin films can be applied to silicon photoabsorbers to generate one of the most active precious metal-free crystalline silicon photocathodes to date, achieving -10 mA cm(-2) at +0.345 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode. The synthesis route presented here provides a platform for both fundamental studies of well-defined electrocatalysts and the fabrication of high-performance photoelectrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1501758
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume6
Issue number4
Number of pages8
ISSN1614-6832
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Hellstern, Thomas R. ; Benck, Jesse D. ; Kibsgaard, Jakob ; Hahn, Christopher ; Jaramillo, Thomas F. / Engineering Cobalt Phosphide (CoP) Thin Film Catalysts for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Activity on Silicon Photocathodes. In: Advanced Energy Materials. 2016 ; Vol. 6, No. 4.
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title = "Engineering Cobalt Phosphide (CoP) Thin Film Catalysts for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Activity on Silicon Photocathodes",
abstract = "Transition metal phosphide catalysts have recently emerged as active, earth abundant alternatives to precious metals for the hydrogen evolution reaction in acid. High performance, scalable catalysts are necessary for the successful implementation of photoelectrochemical water splitting devices, which have the potential to generate hydrogen in a sustainable manner. Herein, a general synthetic route is reported to produce transition metal phosphide thin films, which is used to fabricate cobalt phosphide (CoP) catalysts with high average turnover frequency (TOFavg), 0.48 H-2 s(-1) and 1.0 H-2 s(-1) at 100 and 120 mV overpotential, respectively. Furthermore, it is shown that CoP thin films can be applied to silicon photoabsorbers to generate one of the most active precious metal-free crystalline silicon photocathodes to date, achieving -10 mA cm(-2) at +0.345 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode. The synthesis route presented here provides a platform for both fundamental studies of well-defined electrocatalysts and the fabrication of high-performance photoelectrodes.",
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Engineering Cobalt Phosphide (CoP) Thin Film Catalysts for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Activity on Silicon Photocathodes. / Hellstern, Thomas R.; Benck, Jesse D.; Kibsgaard, Jakob; Hahn, Christopher; Jaramillo, Thomas F.

In: Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1501758, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Engineering Cobalt Phosphide (CoP) Thin Film Catalysts for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution Activity on Silicon Photocathodes

AU - Hellstern, Thomas R.

AU - Benck, Jesse D.

AU - Kibsgaard, Jakob

AU - Hahn, Christopher

AU - Jaramillo, Thomas F.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Transition metal phosphide catalysts have recently emerged as active, earth abundant alternatives to precious metals for the hydrogen evolution reaction in acid. High performance, scalable catalysts are necessary for the successful implementation of photoelectrochemical water splitting devices, which have the potential to generate hydrogen in a sustainable manner. Herein, a general synthetic route is reported to produce transition metal phosphide thin films, which is used to fabricate cobalt phosphide (CoP) catalysts with high average turnover frequency (TOFavg), 0.48 H-2 s(-1) and 1.0 H-2 s(-1) at 100 and 120 mV overpotential, respectively. Furthermore, it is shown that CoP thin films can be applied to silicon photoabsorbers to generate one of the most active precious metal-free crystalline silicon photocathodes to date, achieving -10 mA cm(-2) at +0.345 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode. The synthesis route presented here provides a platform for both fundamental studies of well-defined electrocatalysts and the fabrication of high-performance photoelectrodes.

AB - Transition metal phosphide catalysts have recently emerged as active, earth abundant alternatives to precious metals for the hydrogen evolution reaction in acid. High performance, scalable catalysts are necessary for the successful implementation of photoelectrochemical water splitting devices, which have the potential to generate hydrogen in a sustainable manner. Herein, a general synthetic route is reported to produce transition metal phosphide thin films, which is used to fabricate cobalt phosphide (CoP) catalysts with high average turnover frequency (TOFavg), 0.48 H-2 s(-1) and 1.0 H-2 s(-1) at 100 and 120 mV overpotential, respectively. Furthermore, it is shown that CoP thin films can be applied to silicon photoabsorbers to generate one of the most active precious metal-free crystalline silicon photocathodes to date, achieving -10 mA cm(-2) at +0.345 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode. The synthesis route presented here provides a platform for both fundamental studies of well-defined electrocatalysts and the fabrication of high-performance photoelectrodes.

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