Energy scenario analysis for the Nordic transport sector: A critical review

Raffaele Salvucci*, Stefan Petrović, Kenneth Bernard Karlsson, Markus Wråke, Tanu Priya Uteng, Olexandr Balyk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Experiencing the highest growth in emissions since 1990 and relying mainly on oil, transport is considered the most complicated sector to decarbonize. Lately, the Nordic countries have shown remarkable success in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, especially in the power and heat sector. However, when it comes to transportation, the greatest source of Nordic GHG emissions, stronger measures are needed. Relying on a rich and diversified portfolio of renewable sources and expertise, the Nordic countries could benefit from a common mitigation strategy by encompassing a larger variety of solutions and potential synergies. This article reviews studies addressing integrated energy and transport scenario analysis for the Nordic region as a whole. The studies targeted are those applying energy system models, given their extensive adoption in supporting scenario analysis. Most notable of these studies is the “Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives 2016” to which a special focus is dedicated. The article reviews the methodological choices and the research content of the selected literature. Challenges/limitations are identified in light of recent transport research, and categorized as: “transport behavior”, “breakthrough technologies”, “domestic energy resources” and “geographical aggregation and system boundaries”. Lastly, a list of suggestions to tackle the identified gaps is provided based on the existing literature.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2232
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number11
ISSN1996-1073
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Alternative fuels
  • Decarbonization
  • Energy system modelling
  • Low-carbon transition
  • NETP 2016
  • Sustainable mobility
  • Transport behavior

Cite this

Salvucci, Raffaele ; Petrović, Stefan ; Karlsson, Kenneth Bernard ; Wråke, Markus ; Uteng, Tanu Priya ; Balyk, Olexandr. / Energy scenario analysis for the Nordic transport sector: A critical review. In: Energies. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 11.
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abstract = "Experiencing the highest growth in emissions since 1990 and relying mainly on oil, transport is considered the most complicated sector to decarbonize. Lately, the Nordic countries have shown remarkable success in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, especially in the power and heat sector. However, when it comes to transportation, the greatest source of Nordic GHG emissions, stronger measures are needed. Relying on a rich and diversified portfolio of renewable sources and expertise, the Nordic countries could benefit from a common mitigation strategy by encompassing a larger variety of solutions and potential synergies. This article reviews studies addressing integrated energy and transport scenario analysis for the Nordic region as a whole. The studies targeted are those applying energy system models, given their extensive adoption in supporting scenario analysis. Most notable of these studies is the “Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives 2016” to which a special focus is dedicated. The article reviews the methodological choices and the research content of the selected literature. Challenges/limitations are identified in light of recent transport research, and categorized as: “transport behavior”, “breakthrough technologies”, “domestic energy resources” and “geographical aggregation and system boundaries”. Lastly, a list of suggestions to tackle the identified gaps is provided based on the existing literature.",
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Energy scenario analysis for the Nordic transport sector: A critical review. / Salvucci, Raffaele; Petrović, Stefan; Karlsson, Kenneth Bernard; Wråke, Markus; Uteng, Tanu Priya; Balyk, Olexandr.

In: Energies, Vol. 12, No. 11, 2232, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy scenario analysis for the Nordic transport sector: A critical review

AU - Salvucci, Raffaele

AU - Petrović, Stefan

AU - Karlsson, Kenneth Bernard

AU - Wråke, Markus

AU - Uteng, Tanu Priya

AU - Balyk, Olexandr

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Experiencing the highest growth in emissions since 1990 and relying mainly on oil, transport is considered the most complicated sector to decarbonize. Lately, the Nordic countries have shown remarkable success in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, especially in the power and heat sector. However, when it comes to transportation, the greatest source of Nordic GHG emissions, stronger measures are needed. Relying on a rich and diversified portfolio of renewable sources and expertise, the Nordic countries could benefit from a common mitigation strategy by encompassing a larger variety of solutions and potential synergies. This article reviews studies addressing integrated energy and transport scenario analysis for the Nordic region as a whole. The studies targeted are those applying energy system models, given their extensive adoption in supporting scenario analysis. Most notable of these studies is the “Nordic Energy Technology Perspectives 2016” to which a special focus is dedicated. The article reviews the methodological choices and the research content of the selected literature. Challenges/limitations are identified in light of recent transport research, and categorized as: “transport behavior”, “breakthrough technologies”, “domestic energy resources” and “geographical aggregation and system boundaries”. Lastly, a list of suggestions to tackle the identified gaps is provided based on the existing literature.

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KW - Alternative fuels

KW - Decarbonization

KW - Energy system modelling

KW - Low-carbon transition

KW - NETP 2016

KW - Sustainable mobility

KW - Transport behavior

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