Energy-Efficient Operation of a Direct Air-cooled Condenser Based on Divisional Regulation

Zhiling Luo*, Jizhen Liu, Jakob Kjøbsted Huusom

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The aerodynamic behavior of the fans array of the direct air-cooled condenser is different from that of a single fan because of the interaction effect between fans and the influence of wind. In this paper, a scale-down fan array experimental platform with measurement of the airflow and ambient wind speed is established to study the fan array partition schemes and cluster effect. The divisional cluster factors are obtained by experiment and generalized by random forest regression. The dynamic models of the condenser backpressure are introduced by the moving-boundary method. To achieve transient performance, a divisional control strategy for the direct air-cooled condenser is realized by MPC-PID cascade control. The simulation result shows that the fan power consumption is reduced by 14.7% compared to the existing control strategy. Furthermore, the wind speed disturbance is quickly suppressed cascade control.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Pages (from-to)233-242
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Air-cooled condenser
  • Experimental study
  • Backpressure control
  • Energy-efficient operation


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