Emission of organic compounds from mould and core binders used for casting iron, aluminium and bronze in sand moulds

Niels Skat Tiedje, Rudolf Crepaz, Torben Eggert, Niki Bey

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Emissions from mould and core sand binders commonly used in the foundry industry have been investigated. Degradation of three different types of binders was investigated: Furfuryl alcohol (FA), phenolic urethane (PU) and resol-CO2 (RC). In each group of binders at least two different binder compositions were tested. A test method that provides uniform test conditions is described. The method can be used as general test method to analyse off gasses from binders. Moulds containing a standard size casting were produced and the amount and type of organic compounds resulting from thermal degradation of binders was monitored when cast iron, bronze and aluminium was poured in the moulds. Binder degradation was measured by collecting off gasses in a specially designed ventilation hood at a constant flow rate. Samples were taken from the ventilation system and analysed for hydrocarbons and CO content. It is shown how off gasses vary with time after pouring and shake out. Also the composition of off-gasses is analysed and shown. It is further shown how the composition of off-gasses varies between different types of binders and with varying composition of the binders as well as function of the thermal load on the moulding sand.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A: Toxic Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering
Issue number14
Pages (from-to)1866-1876
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Degradation
  • Emission
  • Binder
  • Mould production
  • Casting

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