Emerging experimental methods to study the thermodynamics of biomolecular condensate formation

Soumik Ray, Alexander K. Buell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The formation of biomolecular condensates in vivo is increasingly recognized to underlie a multitude of crucial cellular functions. Furthermore, the evolution of highly dynamic protein condensates into progressively less reversible assemblies is thought to be involved in a variety of disorders, from cancer over neurodegeneration to rare genetic disorders. There is an increasing need for efficient experimental methods to characterize the thermodynamics of condensate formation and that can be used in screening campaigns to identify and rationally design condensate modifying compounds. Theoretical advances in the field are also identifying the key parameters that need to be measured in order to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the underlying interactions and driving forces. Here, we review recent progress in the development of efficient and quantitative experimental methods to study the driving forces behind and the temporal evolution of biomolecular condensates.
Original languageEnglish
Article number091001-1
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number9
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2024


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