The penetration of disturbance electric fields from the polar region to the magnetic equator on the dayside of the Earth is examined with geomagnetic data on May 27, 1993. First, we examine a dayside equatorial disturbance that followed the rapid recovery of magnetic activity from a storm and that has the characteristics of overshielding caused by persistent region-2 field-aligned currents. It lasted similar to 3 hours. Second, we analyze a series of fluctuations with periods of 25-75 min, to determine the variations of amplitude and phase with magnetic latitude and magnetic local time. The fluctuations were highly coherent at all latitudes between the magnetic equator and the auroral zone, but the coherency decreased in the polar cap. A northward fluctuation at the equator during midday hours accompanied auroral zone fluctuations that were southward before noon, eastward around noon, and northward after noon. The amplitudes decreased away from the auroral zone toward midlatitudes but were amplified under the equatorial electrojet. No detectable phase differences are found, indicating that any temporal lags which might be induced by persistence in the region-2 field-aligned currents are less than 1 min for fluctuations having periods like those examined here. A synoptic inversion analysis of the high-latitude magnetic data to estimate the time-varying high-latitude electric potential patterns shows that fluctuations of the high-latitude east-west potential gradient tended to be concentrated around midday, where they were in phase with fluctuations in the midday east-west potential gradient at the magnetic equator.
|Journal||Journal of Geophysical Research-space Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|