Electrodialytic removal of Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd from harbor sediment: Influence of changing experimental conditions

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Abstract

Electrodialytic remediation (EDR) was used to remove Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd from contaminated harbor sediment. Extraction experiments were made prior to EDR, and the metal desorption was pH dependent but not liquid-to-solid ratio (L/S) dependent. The desorption order was Cd $GRT Zn $GRT Pb $GRT Cu. Electrodialytic experiments were made with HCl as desorbing agent in a sediment suspension, which was stirred during EDR. Effects of different current strengths and L/S ratios on the heavy metal removal were investigated on wet and air-dried sediment. The effects of drying the sediment were negligible for the removal of Cu, Zn, and Pb, probably due to oxidation of the sediments during stirring. Contrary, Cd removal was lower in the wet sediment as compared to the air-dried. The heavy metal removal was influenced by higher current strengths and varying L/S ratios. The highest removal obtained was in an experiment with dry sediment (L/S 8) and a 70 mA applied current that lasted 14 days. These experimental conditions were thereafter used to remediate more strongly contaminated sediments. Regardless of the initial heavy metal concentrations in the sediments, 67-87% Cu, 79-98% Cd, 90-97% Zn, and 91-96% Pb were removed. $CPY 2005 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology (Washington)
Volume39
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)2906-2911
ISSN0013-936X
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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