Electrodialytic extraction of Cr from water-washed MSWI fly ash by changing pH and redox conditions

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    Electrodialytic process offers a range of possibilities to waste management by electrodialytic separation (EDS) of heavy metals, depending on how the process is designed. Using three EDS cell setups (two two-compartment and one three-compartment) and their combinations, the extraction of Cr from municipal solid waste incineration fly ash by changing pH and redox conditions was investigated in the present work. The experiments were designed into single, two and three steps, based on the number of setups (by changing EDS cells) or effective setups (by shifting working electrode pairs) used. Prior to EDS the ash studied went through pretreatments such as water-washing and dry-sieving with a 50 µm sieve. The results showed that Cr was strongly bound in the ash, and the major fraction remained bound after the different treatments. Two/three-step treatment, which obtained the maximum Cr extraction rate of 27.5%, is an improvement on the single-step that extracted maximum 3.1%. The highest extraction was obtained due to the combined extraction of Cr(III) under low pH (accompanied with high redox) conditions and Cr(VI) under high pH (low redox) conditions subsequently. The Cr leaching from the treated ashes with acidic pH was lower than from those with alkaline pH; after the three-step treatment, Cr leaching was much lower from the coarse fraction (> 50 µm), as compared to the fine (≤ 50 µm) or the unsieved ash. As for the coarse fraction, two/three-step treatment reduced the leaching of Cr compared to the single-step in the same pH range (either acidic or alkaline).
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalWaste Management
    Pages (from-to)215-223
    Publication statusPublished - 2018


    • Chromium
    • Electrochemical
    • Electrokinetic remediation
    • Fly ash
    • Sieving
    • Waste incineration


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