Electrochemical performances of LiNi1−xMnxPO4 (x = 0.05–0.2) olivine cathode materials for high voltage rechargeable lithium ion batteries

S. Karthikprabhu, K. Karuppasamy, Dhanasekaran Vikraman, K. Prasanna, T. Maiyalagan, A. Nichelson, A. Kathalingam, Hyun-Seok Kim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

This study demonstrated to synthesis of carbon-free lithium nickel phosphate (LiNiPO4) and its analogue of manganese doped LiNi1−xMnxPO4 (x = 0.05–0.2) cathode materials by a facile polyol method and their suitability for use in high voltage lithium ion batteries (LIBs). The physicochemical properties were analyzed using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infra-red, Raman, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), energy dispersive analysis by X-ray (EDX), and electrochemical studies. FE-SEM showed that the spherical shape particles were uniformly distributed on the surface and EDX confirmed the presence of all the elements in the LiNi1−xMnxPO4 nanostructure. Substitution of Mn dopants with LiNiPO4 significantly improved the electrical and electrochemical performances for LiNi1−xMnxPO4 (x = 0.05–0.2) cathodes. The highly conducting LiNi1−xMnxPO4 (x = 0.1) cathode exhibited initial discharge capacity of 94.2 mA h g−1 at C/4 rate, and 62% capacity retention after 100 cycles between 2.8 and 5.6 V. These features promote LiNi1−xMnxPO4 as a suitable cathode material for high voltage LIBs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume449
Pages (from-to)435-444
ISSN0169-4332
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Olivine cathode materials
  • Polyol method
  • High voltage
  • Charge-discharge

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