Electrochemical desalination of salt infected limestone masonry of a historic warehouse

Lisbeth M. Ottosen, Iben Vernegren Christensen, Inge Rörig-Dalgaard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Salt induced decay of porous construction materials can cause severe loss of cultural heritage and can in some cases also develop to structural problems. To get the salts out of the porous building materials in a structure is not a simple task. The present paper reports results from a test scale plant for electrochemical desalination, a method where the driving force is an applied electrical potential. The test plant covered about 25 m2 surface of a limestone wall of a historic warehouse. It consisted of 72 electrode units which were placed in two rows; the one above the other and the mutual distance between electrodes was 50 cm. The wall was severely infected with NaCl and the average concentration of chloride was 0.72 wt%. The test lasted for about a year, and 3.8 kg chloride corresponding to 6.3 kg NaCl was removed during this period. The part of the wall underneath the electrodes was successfully desalinated; however, the Cl concentration was in the same level as initially in samples taken just between sets of anodes and cathodes. The desalination was thus not completed during the test. The removal rate for Cl into the anodes was constant all through the test revealing that the desalination could have continued if the test had lasted longer. The test showed that the overall method works, but it also underlined the necessity for development of a new design, which allow for shorter distance between the electrodes in order to shorten the duration of the treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Structural Faults and Repair 2012
Number of pages15
Publication date2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventStructural Faults and Repair: 14th International Conference and Exhibition - Surgeons’ Hall, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 3 Jul 20125 Jul 2012
Conference number: 14

Conference

ConferenceStructural Faults and Repair
Number14
LocationSurgeons’ Hall
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburgh
Period03/07/201205/07/2012

Cite this

Ottosen, L. M., Christensen, I. V., & Rörig-Dalgaard, I. (2012). Electrochemical desalination of salt infected limestone masonry of a historic warehouse. In Proceedings of Structural Faults and Repair 2012