Electrochemical Characterization of a PEMEC Using Impedance Spectroscopy

Katrine Elsøe, L. Grahl-Madsen, Johan Hjelm, G.G. Scherer, Johan Hjelm, Mogens Bjerg Mogensen

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Abstract

In this study, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is applied in combination with cyclic voltammetry (CV) and current density – cell voltage curves (iV-curves) to investigate the processes contributing to the total impedance of a polymer electrolyte membrane electrolysis cell (PEMEC). iV-curves were linear above 0.35 A cm−2 implying ohmic processes to be performance limiting, however the impedance spectra showed three arcs indicating three electrochemical reactions at these conditions not to be purely ohmic, but also to have capacitive properties. A hypothesis that the composite IrOx/Nafion anode catalyst layer causes two of these arcs with a constant sum of resistance and current constrictions cause the third arc, is suggested. This hypothesis implies that the total differential cell resistance at current densities above 0.35 A cm−2 is purely ascribed to protonic resistance in Nafion in this type of PEMEC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
Volume164
Issue number13
Pages (from-to) F1419-F1426
ISSN0013-4651
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Cite this

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title = "Electrochemical Characterization of a PEMEC Using Impedance Spectroscopy",
abstract = "In this study, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is applied in combination with cyclic voltammetry (CV) and current density – cell voltage curves (iV-curves) to investigate the processes contributing to the total impedance of a polymer electrolyte membrane electrolysis cell (PEMEC). iV-curves were linear above 0.35 A cm−2 implying ohmic processes to be performance limiting, however the impedance spectra showed three arcs indicating three electrochemical reactions at these conditions not to be purely ohmic, but also to have capacitive properties. A hypothesis that the composite IrOx/Nafion anode catalyst layer causes two of these arcs with a constant sum of resistance and current constrictions cause the third arc, is suggested. This hypothesis implies that the total differential cell resistance at current densities above 0.35 A cm−2 is purely ascribed to protonic resistance in Nafion in this type of PEMEC.",
author = "Katrine Els{\o}e and L. Grahl-Madsen and Johan Hjelm and G.G. Scherer and Johan Hjelm and Mogensen, {Mogens Bjerg}",
note = "This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.",
year = "2017",
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Electrochemical Characterization of a PEMEC Using Impedance Spectroscopy. / Elsøe, Katrine; Grahl-Madsen, L.; Hjelm, Johan; Scherer, G.G.; Hjelm, Johan; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg.

In: Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 164, No. 13, 2017, p. F1419-F1426 .

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electrochemical Characterization of a PEMEC Using Impedance Spectroscopy

AU - Elsøe, Katrine

AU - Grahl-Madsen, L.

AU - Hjelm, Johan

AU - Scherer, G.G.

AU - Hjelm, Johan

AU - Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg

N1 - This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In this study, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is applied in combination with cyclic voltammetry (CV) and current density – cell voltage curves (iV-curves) to investigate the processes contributing to the total impedance of a polymer electrolyte membrane electrolysis cell (PEMEC). iV-curves were linear above 0.35 A cm−2 implying ohmic processes to be performance limiting, however the impedance spectra showed three arcs indicating three electrochemical reactions at these conditions not to be purely ohmic, but also to have capacitive properties. A hypothesis that the composite IrOx/Nafion anode catalyst layer causes two of these arcs with a constant sum of resistance and current constrictions cause the third arc, is suggested. This hypothesis implies that the total differential cell resistance at current densities above 0.35 A cm−2 is purely ascribed to protonic resistance in Nafion in this type of PEMEC.

AB - In this study, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is applied in combination with cyclic voltammetry (CV) and current density – cell voltage curves (iV-curves) to investigate the processes contributing to the total impedance of a polymer electrolyte membrane electrolysis cell (PEMEC). iV-curves were linear above 0.35 A cm−2 implying ohmic processes to be performance limiting, however the impedance spectra showed three arcs indicating three electrochemical reactions at these conditions not to be purely ohmic, but also to have capacitive properties. A hypothesis that the composite IrOx/Nafion anode catalyst layer causes two of these arcs with a constant sum of resistance and current constrictions cause the third arc, is suggested. This hypothesis implies that the total differential cell resistance at current densities above 0.35 A cm−2 is purely ascribed to protonic resistance in Nafion in this type of PEMEC.

U2 - 10.1149/2.0651713jes

DO - 10.1149/2.0651713jes

M3 - Journal article

VL - 164

SP - F1419-F1426

JO - Journal of The Electrochemical Society

JF - Journal of The Electrochemical Society

SN - 0013-4651

IS - 13

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