Multiple breakdown phenomena may take place when operating dielectric elastomers. 8 Thermal breakdown, which occurs due to Joule heating, becomes of special importance when using multilayered stacks of dielectric elastomers, due to the large volume-to- surface-area-ratio. In this article, a 2D axisymmetric finite-element model of a multi-layered stack of dielectric elastomers is set up in COMSOL Multiphysics®. Both the electro-thermal and electro-mechanical couplings are considered, allowing for determi- nation of the onset of thermal breakdown. Simulation results show that an entrapped particle in the dielectric elastomer drastically reduces the possible number of layers in the stack. Furthermore, the possible number of layers is greatly affected by the ambient tem perature and the applied voltage. The performance of three hyperelastic material models for modelling the elastomer deformation are compared, and it is established that the Gent model yields the most restrictive prediction of breakdown point, while the Ogden model yields the least restrictive estimation. Topical Headings: Transport Phenomena and Fluid Dynamics This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
- Dielectric elastomer
- Thermal breakdown
- Electro-thermal and -mechanical model
- Multilayered dielectric elastomers
- Hyperelastic material model