Electrical Appliances and other Equipment

Jørgen Nørgaard (Invited author)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearch


After some reflection on the efficiency concept, the paper first outlines how the most important electrical end-use technologies, used in households as well as in many service institutions, can be designed to consume much less energy than they do today. This is based on techno-physical analyses combined with some consideration on the future human need for the energy service output from the technologies. On the above basis is suggested one set of energy services, which a family in a cold climate can enjoy from just annually consuming 250 kWh of electricity per person. This is actually sufficient to secure materially a quite good everyday life. In other climates and cultures the preferred mix of services might be different. Barriers for implementing energy saving technologies and behaviors, and policies to overcome these barriers and aim for a sustainable society are outlined. The most severe barriers for saving energy in general are in different ways caused by the political insistence on eternal economic expansion, in some aspects against the public preferences. Of the many ‘here and now’ policies to promote the dissemination of energy efficient appliances, buildings and other end-use technologies, are here suggested progressive electricity taxes, followed by critical reflections on the use of energy suppliers to promote selling less energy. Finally are suggested how research can be most effective and useful by being more interdisciplinary and less dependent on business interests in the early phases. Scenarios should be presented not only for experts and politicians, but to the public in general to ensure a democratic sustainable development.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUsing energy and materials more efficiently: A precondition for sustainable development
Number of pages312
Publication date2006
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventUsing energy and materials more efficiently: A precondition for sustainable development - Seoul, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Duration: 21 Sep 200622 Sep 2006


ConferenceUsing energy and materials more efficiently: A precondition for sustainable development
Country/TerritoryKorea, Democratic People's Republic of
OtherA Conference organized by Korea Resource Economics Association (KREA), Korea Energy Economic Institute (KEEI), Centre for Energy Policy and Economics (CEPE), ETH Zürich, and Ecofys, Utrecht, the Netherlands

Bibliographical note

The paper (and the whole proceedings) can be considered a preparation of a book to be published later.


Dive into the research topics of 'Electrical Appliances and other Equipment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this