Elastic-plastic properties of titanium and its alloys modified by fibre laser surface nitriding for orthopaedic implant applications

Hadi Asgharzadeh Shirazi, Chi-Wai Chan, Seunghwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Laser nitriding is one of the most promising approaches to improve wear resistance of Ti alloy surfaces and may extend the use in orthopaedic implants. In this study, three types of Ti alloys, namely alpha commercially pure Ti (“TiG2”), alpha-beta Ti–6Al–4V (“TiG5”), and beta Ti-35.5Nb-7.3Zr-5.7Ta (“βTi”), were subjected to an open-air laser nitriding treatment. Essential elastic-plastic mechanical properties including elastic modulus, hardness, elastic energy, plasticity index, and hardness-to-elasticity ratio of the laser-treated Ti alloys were characterized using nanoindentation experiment. The results showed that the elastic modulus, hardness and elastic energy values of all Ti samples significantly increased in the nitrided layer compared to respective bare substrates for all three Ti materials. Across different Ti samples, βTi sustained its relatively lower elastic modulus, but presented comparable hardness, elastic energy, plasticity index, as well as hardness-to-elasticity ratio in the nitrided layer compared to the other two Ti alloys. Overall, amongst three medical grade Ti alloys in this study, βTi appeared as the most appealing candidate for joint replacement applications even solely in view of mechanical compatibility when combined with surface laser nitriding. Nevertheless, laser nitriding treatment in this study tended to cause a residual compressive stress on all Ti alloys as displayed by cracks developed in the nitrided layer and analyzed on βTi by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and further nanoindentation tests.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104802
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
ISSN1751-6161
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Fibre laser treatment
  • Orthopaedic implants
  • Elastic-plastic properties
  • Wear ability
  • Nanoindentation

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