EFSA NDA Panel (EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies), 2014. Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to high-fibre sourdough rye bread and reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006

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Abstract

Following an application from Oy Karl Fazer AB, submitted for authorisation of a health claim pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 via the Competent Authority of Finland, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to high‑fibre sourdough rye bread and a reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses. The Panel considers that the food, high-fibre sourdough rye bread, and its “comparator”, glucose, are sufficiently characterised in relation to the claimed effect. A reduction of post-prandial glycaemic responses might be a beneficial physiological effect. The Panel notes that in the four human intervention studies submitted as pertinent to the health claim the consumption of high-fibre sourdough rye bread induced a significant reduction of post-prandial blood glucose responses when compared with glucose. The Panel also notes that, when comparable amounts of available carbohydrates from different carbohydrate-containing foods are tested, almost any carbohydrate-containing food would induce a reduction of post-prandial blood glucose responses compared with glucose. In addition, foods containing low amounts of, or no available carbohydrates, will also induce lower post-prandial blood glucose responses when compared with glucose. The Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has been established between the consumption of almost any food and a reduction of post-prandial blood glucose responses as compared with glucose. However, the Panel considers that solid foods, including high-fibre sourdough rye bread, are generally not considered as an alternative to glucose solutions. In this context, conditions of use cannot be established for this health claim.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationParma, Italy
PublisherEuropen Food Safety Authority
Number of pages11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Seriesthe EFSA Journal
Number3837
Volume12(10)
ISSN1830-5458

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