The Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids of the European Food Safety Authority was requested to consider evaluations of flavouring substances assessed since 2000 by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (the JECFA), and to decide whether further evaluation is necessary, as laid down in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000. The present consideration concerns a group of 22 pyridine, pyrrole and quinoline derivatives evaluated by the JECFA (63rd meeting). The revision of this consideration is made since additional toxicity data have become available for isoquinoline [FL-no: 14.001], pyrrole [FL-no: 14.041] and 2-acetylpyrrole [FL-no: 14.047]. The toxicity data on 2-acetylpyrrole should also cover 2-propionylpyrrole [FL-no: 14.068]. Further, additional genotoxicity data on 6-methylquinoline [FL-no: 14.042] have become available. The Panel concluded that for 6-methylquinoline [FL-no: 14.042], the new genotoxicity data did not clear the concern with respect to genotoxicity in vitro and accordingly the substance is not evaluated through the Procedure. For 18 substances [FL-no: 14.001, 14.004, 14.007, 14.030, 14.038, 14.039, 14.041, 14.047, 14.058, 14.059, 14.060, 14.061, 14.065, 14.066, 14.068, 14.071, 14.072 and 14.164] considered in this FGE, the Panel agrees with the JECFA conclusion, “No safety concern at estimated levels of intake as flavouring substances” based on the MSDI approach. For three substances [FL-no: 13.134, 14.045 and 14.046], additional toxicological data are still required. Besides the safety assessment of these flavouring substances, the specifications for the materials of commerce have also been evaluated, and the information is considered adequate for all the substances.
EFSA Publication (2014). EFSA CEF Panel (EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids), 2014. Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 77, Revision 1 (FGE.77Rev1): Consideration of Pyridine, Pyrrole and Quinoline Derivatives evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting). European Food Safety Authority. the EFSA Journal, No. 3586, Vol.. 12(2) https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2014.3586