Effects of wind turbine wake on atmospheric sound propagation

Emre Barlas, Wei Jun Zhu, Wen Zhong Shen, Mark C. Kelly, Søren Juhl Andersen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    502 Downloads (Pure)


    In this paper, we investigate the sound propagation from a wind turbine considering the effects of wake-induced velocity deficit and turbulence. In order to address this issue, an advanced approach was developed in which both scalar and vector parabolic equations in two dimensions are solved. Flow field input was obtained using the actuator line (AL) technique with Large Eddy Simulation (LES) to model the wind turbine and its wake and from an analytical wake model. The effect of incoming wind speed and atmospheric stability was investigated with the analytical wake input using a single point source. Unsteady acoustic simulations were carried out with the AL/LES input for three cases with different incoming turbulence intensity, and a moving source approach to mimic the rotating turbine blades. The results show a non-negligible effect of the wake on far-field noise prediction. Particularly under stable atmospheric conditions, SPL amplification reaches up to 7.5dB at the wake centre. Furthermore, it was observed that when the turbulence intensity level of the incoming flow is higher, the SPL difference between the moving and the steady source is lower.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalApplied Acoustics
    Pages (from-to)51-61
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


    Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of wind turbine wake on atmospheric sound propagation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this