Effects of Turbine Spacings in Very Large Wind Farms

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The Dynamic Wake Meandering model(DWM) by Larsen et al.(2007) is considered state of the art for modelling the wake behind a wind turbine. DWM assumes a quasi-steady wake deficit transported as a passive tracer by large atmospheric scales. The approach is also applied to wake interaction within wind farms, although certain aspects of the complex wake interaction are not captured, see Churchfield et al.(2014). Recent studies have shown how turbines introduce low frequencies in the wake, which could describe some of the shortcomings. Chamorro et al.(2015) identified three regions of different lengths scales. Iungo et al.(2013) related low frequencies to the hub vortex instability. Okulov et al.(2014) found Strouhal numbers in the far wake stemming from the rotating helical vortex core. Simulations by Andersen et al.(2013) found low frequencies to be inherent in the flow inside an infinite wind farm. LES simulations of large wind farms are performed with full aero-elastic Actuator Lines. The simulations investigate the inherent dynamics inside wind farms in the absence of atmospheric turbulence compared to cases with atmospheric turbulence. Resulting low frequency structures are inherent in wind farms for certain turbine spacings and affect both power production and loads.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event 68th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD) - Boston, United States
Duration: 22 Nov 201524 Nov 2015


Conference 68th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD)
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


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