Effects of the mycorrhizal fungus ¤Glomus intraradices¤ on uranium uptake and accumulation by ¤Medicago truncatula¤ L. from uranium-contaminated soil

B.D. Chen, I. Jakobsen, P. Roos, Y.G. Zhu

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Phytostabilization strategies may be suitable to reduce the dispersion of uranium (U) and the overall environmental risks of U-contaminated soils. The role of Glomus intraradices, an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus, in such phytostabilization of U was investigated with a compartmented plant cultivation system facilitating the specific measurement of U uptake by roots, AM roots and extraradical hyphae of AM fungi and the measurement of U partitioning between root and shoot. A soil-filled plastic pot constituted the main root compartment (C-A) which contained a plastic vial filled with U-contaminated soil amended with 0, 50 or 200 mg KH2PO4-P kg(-1) soil (C-B). The vial was sealed by coarse or fine nylon mesh, permitting the penetration of both roots and hyphae or of just hyphae. Medicago truncatula plants grown in C-A were inoculated with G. intraradices or remained uninoculated. Dry weight of shoots and roots in C-A was significantly increased by G. intraradices, but was unaffected by mesh size or by P application in C-B. The P amendments decreased root colonization in C-B, and increased P content and dry weight of those roots. Glomus intraradices increased root U concentration and content in C-A, but decreased shoot U concentrations. Root U concentrations and contents were significantly higher when only hyphae could access U inside C-B than when roots could also directly access this U pool. The proportion of plant U content partitioned to shoots was decreased by root exclusion from C-B and by mycorrhizas (M) in the order: no M, roots in C-B > no M, no roots in C-B > M, roots in C-B > M, no roots in C-B. Such mycorrhiza-induced retention of U in plant roots may contribute to the phytostabilization of U contaminated environments.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPlant and Soil
    Volume275
    Issue number1-2
    Pages (from-to)349-359
    ISSN0032-079X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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