Effects of Single and Multifactor Treatments with Elevated Temperature, CO2 and Ozone on Oilseed Rape and Barley

Sabine Karin Clausen, Georg Frenck, Leon Gareth van der Linden, Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen, C. Lunde, Rikke Bagger Jørgensen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    We investigated the effect of elevated [CO2], [O3] and temperature on plant productivity and if these climate factors interacted with each other in multifactor treatments. The climate effects were studied in 14 different cultivars/lines of European spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Seven genotypes of each species were cultivated in six single- and multifactor treatments with ambient or elevated CO2 (385 ppm and 700 ppm), O3 (20 ppb and 60 ppb) and temperature (12/19 °C and 17/24 °C). Growth and production parameters were measured. Elevated CO2 increased yield and biomass. Seed number increased by about 47 % in barley and by 26 % in oilseed rape, but in oilseed rape, the TSW was significantly decreased, possibly because of shortening of the seed filling period. Higher temperatures decreased yield and biomass significantly in both species. A significantly decreased yield and thousand grain weight was also seen in barley due to elevated O3. The multifactor combination of elevated CO2, O3 and temperature showed a decrease in growth and production in the two species, though not statistically significant for all parameters. This trend suggests that the expected increase in the plant production in northern Europe, indicated by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as a consequence of increased [CO2] and temperature, may not hold, due to interactions between these abiotic factors.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Agronomy and Crop Science
    Volume197
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)442-453
    ISSN0931-2250
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • Environment and climate

    Cite this

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    title = "Effects of Single and Multifactor Treatments with Elevated Temperature, CO2 and Ozone on Oilseed Rape and Barley",
    abstract = "We investigated the effect of elevated [CO2], [O3] and temperature on plant productivity and if these climate factors interacted with each other in multifactor treatments. The climate effects were studied in 14 different cultivars/lines of European spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Seven genotypes of each species were cultivated in six single- and multifactor treatments with ambient or elevated CO2 (385 ppm and 700 ppm), O3 (20 ppb and 60 ppb) and temperature (12/19 °C and 17/24 °C). Growth and production parameters were measured. Elevated CO2 increased yield and biomass. Seed number increased by about 47 {\%} in barley and by 26 {\%} in oilseed rape, but in oilseed rape, the TSW was significantly decreased, possibly because of shortening of the seed filling period. Higher temperatures decreased yield and biomass significantly in both species. A significantly decreased yield and thousand grain weight was also seen in barley due to elevated O3. The multifactor combination of elevated CO2, O3 and temperature showed a decrease in growth and production in the two species, though not statistically significant for all parameters. This trend suggests that the expected increase in the plant production in northern Europe, indicated by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as a consequence of increased [CO2] and temperature, may not hold, due to interactions between these abiotic factors.",
    keywords = "Environment and climate, Milj{\o} og klima",
    author = "Clausen, {Sabine Karin} and Georg Frenck and {van der Linden}, {Leon Gareth} and Mikkelsen, {Teis N{\o}rgaard} and C. Lunde and {Bagger J{\o}rgensen}, Rikke",
    year = "2011",
    doi = "10.1111/j.1439-037X.2011.00478.x",
    language = "English",
    volume = "197",
    pages = "442--453",
    journal = "Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science",
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    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
    number = "6",

    }

    Effects of Single and Multifactor Treatments with Elevated Temperature, CO2 and Ozone on Oilseed Rape and Barley. / Clausen, Sabine Karin; Frenck, Georg; van der Linden, Leon Gareth; Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard; Lunde, C.; Bagger Jørgensen, Rikke.

    In: Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, Vol. 197, No. 6, 2011, p. 442-453.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Effects of Single and Multifactor Treatments with Elevated Temperature, CO2 and Ozone on Oilseed Rape and Barley

    AU - Clausen, Sabine Karin

    AU - Frenck, Georg

    AU - van der Linden, Leon Gareth

    AU - Mikkelsen, Teis Nørgaard

    AU - Lunde, C.

    AU - Bagger Jørgensen, Rikke

    PY - 2011

    Y1 - 2011

    N2 - We investigated the effect of elevated [CO2], [O3] and temperature on plant productivity and if these climate factors interacted with each other in multifactor treatments. The climate effects were studied in 14 different cultivars/lines of European spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Seven genotypes of each species were cultivated in six single- and multifactor treatments with ambient or elevated CO2 (385 ppm and 700 ppm), O3 (20 ppb and 60 ppb) and temperature (12/19 °C and 17/24 °C). Growth and production parameters were measured. Elevated CO2 increased yield and biomass. Seed number increased by about 47 % in barley and by 26 % in oilseed rape, but in oilseed rape, the TSW was significantly decreased, possibly because of shortening of the seed filling period. Higher temperatures decreased yield and biomass significantly in both species. A significantly decreased yield and thousand grain weight was also seen in barley due to elevated O3. The multifactor combination of elevated CO2, O3 and temperature showed a decrease in growth and production in the two species, though not statistically significant for all parameters. This trend suggests that the expected increase in the plant production in northern Europe, indicated by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as a consequence of increased [CO2] and temperature, may not hold, due to interactions between these abiotic factors.

    AB - We investigated the effect of elevated [CO2], [O3] and temperature on plant productivity and if these climate factors interacted with each other in multifactor treatments. The climate effects were studied in 14 different cultivars/lines of European spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) and spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Seven genotypes of each species were cultivated in six single- and multifactor treatments with ambient or elevated CO2 (385 ppm and 700 ppm), O3 (20 ppb and 60 ppb) and temperature (12/19 °C and 17/24 °C). Growth and production parameters were measured. Elevated CO2 increased yield and biomass. Seed number increased by about 47 % in barley and by 26 % in oilseed rape, but in oilseed rape, the TSW was significantly decreased, possibly because of shortening of the seed filling period. Higher temperatures decreased yield and biomass significantly in both species. A significantly decreased yield and thousand grain weight was also seen in barley due to elevated O3. The multifactor combination of elevated CO2, O3 and temperature showed a decrease in growth and production in the two species, though not statistically significant for all parameters. This trend suggests that the expected increase in the plant production in northern Europe, indicated by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as a consequence of increased [CO2] and temperature, may not hold, due to interactions between these abiotic factors.

    KW - Environment and climate

    KW - Miljø og klima

    U2 - 10.1111/j.1439-037X.2011.00478.x

    DO - 10.1111/j.1439-037X.2011.00478.x

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 197

    SP - 442

    EP - 453

    JO - Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science

    JF - Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science

    SN - 0931-2250

    IS - 6

    ER -