Effects of mixed solvents and PVDF types on performances of PVDF microporous membranes

Qian Li, Zhen-Liang Xu, Liyun Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) microporous flat membranes were cast with different kinds of PVDFs and four mixed solvents [trimethyl phosphate (TMP)–N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc), triethyl phosphate (TEP)–DMAc, tricresyl phosphate (TCP)–DMAc, and tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP)–DMAc]. The effects of different commercial PVDFs (Solef® 1015, FR 904, Kynar 761, Kynar 741, Kynar 2801) on membrane morphologies and membrane performances of PVDF/TEP–DMAc/PEG200 system were investigated. The membrane morphologies were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The membrane performances in terms of pure water flux, rejection, porosity, and mean pore radius were measured. The membrane had the high flux of 143.0 ± 0.9 L m−2 h−1 when the content of TMP in the TMP–DMAc mixed solvent reached 60 wt %, which was 2.89 times that of the membrane cast with DMAc as single solvent and was 3.36 times that of the membrane cast with TMP as single solvent. Using mixed solvent with different solvent solubility parameters, different morphologies of PVDF microporous membranes were obtained. TMP–DMAc mixed solvent and TEP–DMAc mixed solvent indicated the stronger solvent power to PVDF due to the lower solubility parameter difference of 1.45 MPa1/2 and the prepared membranes showed the faster precipitation rate and the higher flux. The less macrovoids of the membrane prepared with TEP (60 wt %)–DMAc (40 wt %) as mixed solvent contributed to the higher elongation ratio of 96.61% ± 0.41%. Therefore, using TEP(60 wt %)–DMAc (40 wt %) as mixed solvent, the casting solution had the better solvent power to PVDF, and the membrane possessed the excellent mechanical property. The microporous membranes prepared from casting solutions with different commercial PVDFs exhibited similar morphology, but the water flux increased with the increment of polymer solution viscosity. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2010
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume115
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)2277-2287
ISSN0021-8995
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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