Effects of marine microbial biofilms on the biocide release rate from antifouling paints – A model-based analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The antifouling (AF) paint model of Kiil et al. [S. Kiil, C.E. Weinell, M.S. Pedersen, K. Dam-Johansen, Analysis of self-polishing antifouling paints using rotary experiments and mathematical modelling, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40 (2001) 3906-3920] and the simplified biofilm. growth model of Gujer and Warmer [W. Gujer, O. Warmer, Modeling mixed population biofilms, in: W.G. Characklis, K.C. Marshall (Eds.), Biofilms, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1990] are used to provide a reaction engineering-based insight to the effects of marine microbial slimes on biocide leaching and, to a minor extent, polishing behaviour of AF paints. It is concluded that the perturbation of the local sea water conditions (e.g. pH), as a consequence of the metabolic activity of the biofilm should not affect the net biocide leaching and binder reaction rates significantly. This results from the thin and poorly active biofilms which presumably grow onto the highly effective modern AF paints. According to simulations, the experimental decrease in the biocide leaching rate caused by biofilm growth must be mainly attributed to adsorption of the biocide by the exopolymeric substances secreted by the microorganisms. The effects of biofilms on the leaching of any generic active compound (e.g. natural antifoulants) are discussed in relation to their potential release mechanisms. The largest influence of biofilms is predicted for those active compounds that are released by a diffusion-controlled mechanism (typically tin-free algaecides). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProgress in Organic Coatings
Volume57
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)56-66
ISSN0300-9440
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Cite this

@article{6a97f03bbb8d49f1be1b3482ebaae6d6,
title = "Effects of marine microbial biofilms on the biocide release rate from antifouling paints – A model-based analysis",
abstract = "The antifouling (AF) paint model of Kiil et al. [S. Kiil, C.E. Weinell, M.S. Pedersen, K. Dam-Johansen, Analysis of self-polishing antifouling paints using rotary experiments and mathematical modelling, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40 (2001) 3906-3920] and the simplified biofilm. growth model of Gujer and Warmer [W. Gujer, O. Warmer, Modeling mixed population biofilms, in: W.G. Characklis, K.C. Marshall (Eds.), Biofilms, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1990] are used to provide a reaction engineering-based insight to the effects of marine microbial slimes on biocide leaching and, to a minor extent, polishing behaviour of AF paints. It is concluded that the perturbation of the local sea water conditions (e.g. pH), as a consequence of the metabolic activity of the biofilm should not affect the net biocide leaching and binder reaction rates significantly. This results from the thin and poorly active biofilms which presumably grow onto the highly effective modern AF paints. According to simulations, the experimental decrease in the biocide leaching rate caused by biofilm growth must be mainly attributed to adsorption of the biocide by the exopolymeric substances secreted by the microorganisms. The effects of biofilms on the leaching of any generic active compound (e.g. natural antifoulants) are discussed in relation to their potential release mechanisms. The largest influence of biofilms is predicted for those active compounds that are released by a diffusion-controlled mechanism (typically tin-free algaecides). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
author = "Yebra, {Diego Meseguer} and S{\o}ren Kiil and {Erik Weinell}, Claus and Kim Dam-Johansen",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1016/j.porgcoat.2006.06.003",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "56--66",
journal = "Progress in Organic Coatings",
issn = "0300-9440",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

Effects of marine microbial biofilms on the biocide release rate from antifouling paints – A model-based analysis. / Yebra, Diego Meseguer; Kiil, Søren; Erik Weinell, Claus; Dam-Johansen, Kim.

In: Progress in Organic Coatings, Vol. 57, No. 1, 2006, p. 56-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of marine microbial biofilms on the biocide release rate from antifouling paints – A model-based analysis

AU - Yebra, Diego Meseguer

AU - Kiil, Søren

AU - Erik Weinell, Claus

AU - Dam-Johansen, Kim

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The antifouling (AF) paint model of Kiil et al. [S. Kiil, C.E. Weinell, M.S. Pedersen, K. Dam-Johansen, Analysis of self-polishing antifouling paints using rotary experiments and mathematical modelling, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40 (2001) 3906-3920] and the simplified biofilm. growth model of Gujer and Warmer [W. Gujer, O. Warmer, Modeling mixed population biofilms, in: W.G. Characklis, K.C. Marshall (Eds.), Biofilms, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1990] are used to provide a reaction engineering-based insight to the effects of marine microbial slimes on biocide leaching and, to a minor extent, polishing behaviour of AF paints. It is concluded that the perturbation of the local sea water conditions (e.g. pH), as a consequence of the metabolic activity of the biofilm should not affect the net biocide leaching and binder reaction rates significantly. This results from the thin and poorly active biofilms which presumably grow onto the highly effective modern AF paints. According to simulations, the experimental decrease in the biocide leaching rate caused by biofilm growth must be mainly attributed to adsorption of the biocide by the exopolymeric substances secreted by the microorganisms. The effects of biofilms on the leaching of any generic active compound (e.g. natural antifoulants) are discussed in relation to their potential release mechanisms. The largest influence of biofilms is predicted for those active compounds that are released by a diffusion-controlled mechanism (typically tin-free algaecides). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - The antifouling (AF) paint model of Kiil et al. [S. Kiil, C.E. Weinell, M.S. Pedersen, K. Dam-Johansen, Analysis of self-polishing antifouling paints using rotary experiments and mathematical modelling, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40 (2001) 3906-3920] and the simplified biofilm. growth model of Gujer and Warmer [W. Gujer, O. Warmer, Modeling mixed population biofilms, in: W.G. Characklis, K.C. Marshall (Eds.), Biofilms, Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1990] are used to provide a reaction engineering-based insight to the effects of marine microbial slimes on biocide leaching and, to a minor extent, polishing behaviour of AF paints. It is concluded that the perturbation of the local sea water conditions (e.g. pH), as a consequence of the metabolic activity of the biofilm should not affect the net biocide leaching and binder reaction rates significantly. This results from the thin and poorly active biofilms which presumably grow onto the highly effective modern AF paints. According to simulations, the experimental decrease in the biocide leaching rate caused by biofilm growth must be mainly attributed to adsorption of the biocide by the exopolymeric substances secreted by the microorganisms. The effects of biofilms on the leaching of any generic active compound (e.g. natural antifoulants) are discussed in relation to their potential release mechanisms. The largest influence of biofilms is predicted for those active compounds that are released by a diffusion-controlled mechanism (typically tin-free algaecides). (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2006.06.003

DO - 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2006.06.003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 57

SP - 56

EP - 66

JO - Progress in Organic Coatings

JF - Progress in Organic Coatings

SN - 0300-9440

IS - 1

ER -