Effects of Lignocellulosic Compounds on the Yield, Nanostructure and Reactivity of Soot from Fast Pyrolysis at High Temperatures

Anna Trubetskaya, Markus Broström, Jens Kling, Avery Brown, Michael T. Timko, Geoffrey Tompsett, Kentaro Umeki

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    Gasification offers the utilization of biomass to a wide variety of applications such as heat, electricity, chemicals and transport fuels in an efficient and sustainable manner. High soot yields in the high-temperature entrained flow gasification lead to intensive gas cleaning and can cause a possible plant shut down. The reduction of soot formation increases the overall production system efficiency and improves the economic feasibility and reliability of the gasification plant. Soot from biomass pyrolysis contains greater inherent oxygen functionalities than hydrocarbons soot and adsorbs primary, secondary and teriary pyrolysis products such as organic acids, aldehydes and phenolics [1]. In this study, therefore, the impacts of lignocellulosic compounds and monolignols (syringol, guaiacol, p-hydroxyphenol) on the yield and characteristics of soot were investigated at 1250°C in a drop tube reactor. The specific objectives of this study were to: (1) obtain knowledge about lignocellulosic compounds and monolignols influence on the yield, nanostructure, composition, and reactivity of soot during high-temperature gasification, (2) understand the influence of Soxhlet extraction on the soot reactivity and characteristics, and (3) determine the reaction conditions and fuel composition which minimize soot formation leading to the efficient operation of high-temperature gasification process.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2017
    Number of pages5
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    EventNordic Flame Days - KTH - The Royal Institute of Technology , Stockholm, Sweden
    Duration: 10 Oct 201711 Oct 2017


    ConferenceNordic Flame Days
    LocationKTH - The Royal Institute of Technology


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