Effects of Job Accessibility Improved by Public Transport System: Natural Experimental Evidence from the Copenhagen Metro

Gabriel Angel Pons Rotger, Thomas Alexander Sick Nielsen

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    Abstract

    This study examines the effect of accessibility to urban jobs via a public transport system on individual earnings and commuting behaviour. The effect of improved public transport based accessibility on these outcomes is determined by exploiting the exogenous variation in access to a public rail and Metro system resulting from the construction of a new terminal Metro station connecting southern townships to Copenhagen city centre. The results show that public transport based job accessibility has a positive and permanent effect on individual earnings. The increase in earnings is associated with a change in commuting patterns as the improved access to public transport facilitates a shift from employment within the township to better paid jobs in the city centre, as well as in other suburbs of the Copenhagen Metropolitan area
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research
    Volume15
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)419-441
    ISSN1567-7141
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • Job accessibility
    • Public transport infrastructure
    • Earnings
    • Commuting behaviour
    • Differencein-differences

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