An aggregated sample of 925 Atlantic cod Gadus morhua collected by four countries in different regions of the Baltic Sea during different seasons were measure (total length, LT = 161–890 mm and weighed (mass, M = 45–6900 g) both before freezing and after defrosting. The cod were found to decrease significantly in both LT and M following death and frozen storage. There was an average (± SD) change in LT of –2.91% (± 0.05%) following freezing, independent of starting LT. Total M changed by –2.65% (± 0.14%), independent of starting mass. Shrinkage of LT and M did not differ significantly between 1 and 4 months frozen storage, though LT shrinkage was significantly greater after 1 or 4 months in the freezer compared with after 5 days. There was significant variation in LT and M shrinkage between regions of capture. A significant negative relationship between condition of cod and LT or M change was also observed. Equations to back‐calculate fresh LT and M from thawed LT, M and standard length (LS), gutted LT, gutted LTg and gutted mass (Mg) are provided.
- Baltic Sea
- Gadus morhua
- Measurement bias
McQueen, K., Mion, M., Hilvarsson, A., Casini, M., Olesen, H. J., Hüssy, K., ... Krumme, U. (2019). Effects of freezing on length and mass measurements of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua in the Baltic Sea. Journal of Fish Biology, 95(6), 1486-1495. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.14171