Effects of distributing wind energy generation over Europe

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    Abstract

    Using data from 60 meteorological stations distributed all over Europe in conjunction with the National Grid Model (NGM) from the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, the effects of the large-scale distribution of wind energy generation are studied. In some regions of Europe, wind energy already covers a significant proportion of the electricity demand. But the intermittence of the wind resource is always a limiting factor when penetration levels are high. Studies for single countries have shown that distributing the generation over a large area reduces the variability of the output and hence makes wind energy more appealing to utilities, since the stability requirements of the network are easier to fulfil. The data are analysed in terms of absolute highs and lows, temporal and spatial correlations. To assess the financial benefits, the NGM is used to evaluate the match of electricity demand and generation as well as the possible savings of fossil fuel in an electricity grid incorporating various capacities of wind energy generation. To assess the value of wind energy on a transnational scale, the European plant mix is modelled, and the NGM is used to simulate the scheduling of these plants in the presence of different penetrations of wind energy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationWind energy for the next millennium : Proceedings of the European Wind Energy Conference
    EditorsE. L. Petersen, P. H. Jensen, K. Rave, P. Helm, H. Ehmann
    Place of PublicationLondon
    PublisherJames and James Science Publishers
    Publication date1999
    Pages417-420
    Article numberPB2.11
    ISBN (Print)1-902916-00-X
    Publication statusPublished - 1999
    Event1999 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition - Nice, France
    Duration: 1 Mar 19995 Mar 1999

    Conference

    Conference1999 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition
    CountryFrance
    CityNice
    Period01/03/199905/03/1999

    Keywords

    • Cost of Energy
    • Dispersed Turbine Systems
    • Integration
    • National/International
    • Utility-Integration

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