Effects of broad-spectrum antibiotics on the colonisation of probiotic yeast Saccharomyces boulardii in the murine gastrointestinal tract

Karl Alex Hedin, Vanessa Emily Rees, Hongbin Zhang, Vibeke Kruse, Ruben Vazquez-Uribe*, Morten Otto Alexander Sommer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Mouse models are commonly used to study the colonisation profiles of microorganisms introduced to the gastrointestinal tract. Three commonly used mouse models include conventional, germ-free, and antibiotic-treated mice. However, colonisation resistance in conventional mice and specialised equipment for germ-free mice are usually limiting factors in their applications. In this study, we sought to establish a robust colonisation model for Saccharomyces boulardii, a probiotic yeast that has caught attention in the field of probiotics and advanced microbiome therapeutics. We characterised the colonisation of S. boulardii in conventional mice and mice treated with a cocktail of broad-spectrum antibiotics, including ampicillin, kanamycin, metronidazole and vancomycin. We found colonisation levels increased up to 10,000-fold in the antibiotic-treated mice compared to nonantibiotic-treated mice. Furthermore, S. boulardii was detected continuously in more than 75% of mice for 10 days after the last administration in antibiotic-treated mice, in contrast to in nonantibiotic-treated mice where S. boulardii was undetectable in less than 2 days. Finally, we demonstrated that this antibiotic cocktail can be used in two commonly used mouse strains, C57BL/6 and ob/ob mice, both achieving ~ 108 CFU/g of S. boulardii in faeces. These findings highlight that the antibiotic cocktail used in this study is an advantageous tool to study S. boulardii based probiotic and advanced microbiome therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8862
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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