Effects of ambient pressure on ignition and flame characteristics in diesel spray combustion

Kar Mun Pang*, Mehdi Jangi, Xue-Song Bai, Jesper Schramm, Jens Honore Walther, Peter Glarborg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This work reports on numerical investigation of effects of ambient pressure (Pam) on spray combustion under engine-like conditions. Three cases with different Pam of 42, 85 and 170 bar at a fixed ambient temperature of 1000 K are considered. Zero-dimensional calculations are first performed for autoignition of stagnant adiabatic homogenous mixtures to evaluate performance of the selected diesel surrogate fuel models and to identify the Pam effects on the most reactive mixture. An Eulerian-based transported probability density function model is then chosen for the three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics study. The results show the predicted ignition delay times and flame lift-off lengths are in reasonably good agreement with experiment, with the relative difference below 28%. The current work reveals that low-temperature reactions occur across a wide range of mixture fraction but a noticeable rise of temperature (>100 K above ambient temperature) is detected first on the fuel-lean side of the stoichiometric line in all three cases. The high-temperature ignition occurs first on the fuel-rich side in the 42 and 85 bar cases, where the igniting mixture appears to be more fuel-rich in the latter case. As Pam is further increased to 170 bar, the igniting mixture becomes more fuel-lean and the high-temperature ignition occurs on the fuel-lean side. The ignition behavior is found to depend on both physical and chemical processes. At 170 bar, the reaction rate increases and the associated transition from low- to high-temperature ignition is relatively fast, as compared to the transport of warmer products from the lean zone into the fuel-rich mixture. Also, within the fuel-rich region, the local temperature is low due to liquid fuel vaporization and the condition is not appropriate for ignition. These collectively cause the high-temperature ignition to occur on the fuel-lean side. Analyses on the quasi-steady spray flame structures reveal that, apart from poorer air entrainment due to reduced lift-off length, the higher rich-zone temperature and lower scalar dissipation rate also lead to a higher peak soot volume fraction at higher Pam.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFuel
Volume237
Pages (from-to)676-685
ISSN0016-2361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Spray flame
  • Transported probability density function
  • Ignition
  • Pressure effects

Cite this

@article{48388515e77c4b4784d96339d3ec7f8c,
title = "Effects of ambient pressure on ignition and flame characteristics in diesel spray combustion",
abstract = "This work reports on numerical investigation of effects of ambient pressure (Pam) on spray combustion under engine-like conditions. Three cases with different Pam of 42, 85 and 170 bar at a fixed ambient temperature of 1000 K are considered. Zero-dimensional calculations are first performed for autoignition of stagnant adiabatic homogenous mixtures to evaluate performance of the selected diesel surrogate fuel models and to identify the Pam effects on the most reactive mixture. An Eulerian-based transported probability density function model is then chosen for the three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics study. The results show the predicted ignition delay times and flame lift-off lengths are in reasonably good agreement with experiment, with the relative difference below 28{\%}. The current work reveals that low-temperature reactions occur across a wide range of mixture fraction but a noticeable rise of temperature (>100 K above ambient temperature) is detected first on the fuel-lean side of the stoichiometric line in all three cases. The high-temperature ignition occurs first on the fuel-rich side in the 42 and 85 bar cases, where the igniting mixture appears to be more fuel-rich in the latter case. As Pam is further increased to 170 bar, the igniting mixture becomes more fuel-lean and the high-temperature ignition occurs on the fuel-lean side. The ignition behavior is found to depend on both physical and chemical processes. At 170 bar, the reaction rate increases and the associated transition from low- to high-temperature ignition is relatively fast, as compared to the transport of warmer products from the lean zone into the fuel-rich mixture. Also, within the fuel-rich region, the local temperature is low due to liquid fuel vaporization and the condition is not appropriate for ignition. These collectively cause the high-temperature ignition to occur on the fuel-lean side. Analyses on the quasi-steady spray flame structures reveal that, apart from poorer air entrainment due to reduced lift-off length, the higher rich-zone temperature and lower scalar dissipation rate also lead to a higher peak soot volume fraction at higher Pam.",
keywords = "Spray flame, Transported probability density function, Ignition, Pressure effects",
author = "Pang, {Kar Mun} and Mehdi Jangi and Xue-Song Bai and Jesper Schramm and Walther, {Jens Honore} and Peter Glarborg",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.020",
language = "English",
volume = "237",
pages = "676--685",
journal = "Fuel",
issn = "0016-2361",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Effects of ambient pressure on ignition and flame characteristics in diesel spray combustion. / Pang, Kar Mun; Jangi, Mehdi; Bai, Xue-Song; Schramm, Jesper; Walther, Jens Honore; Glarborg, Peter.

In: Fuel, Vol. 237, 2019, p. 676-685.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of ambient pressure on ignition and flame characteristics in diesel spray combustion

AU - Pang, Kar Mun

AU - Jangi, Mehdi

AU - Bai, Xue-Song

AU - Schramm, Jesper

AU - Walther, Jens Honore

AU - Glarborg, Peter

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - This work reports on numerical investigation of effects of ambient pressure (Pam) on spray combustion under engine-like conditions. Three cases with different Pam of 42, 85 and 170 bar at a fixed ambient temperature of 1000 K are considered. Zero-dimensional calculations are first performed for autoignition of stagnant adiabatic homogenous mixtures to evaluate performance of the selected diesel surrogate fuel models and to identify the Pam effects on the most reactive mixture. An Eulerian-based transported probability density function model is then chosen for the three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics study. The results show the predicted ignition delay times and flame lift-off lengths are in reasonably good agreement with experiment, with the relative difference below 28%. The current work reveals that low-temperature reactions occur across a wide range of mixture fraction but a noticeable rise of temperature (>100 K above ambient temperature) is detected first on the fuel-lean side of the stoichiometric line in all three cases. The high-temperature ignition occurs first on the fuel-rich side in the 42 and 85 bar cases, where the igniting mixture appears to be more fuel-rich in the latter case. As Pam is further increased to 170 bar, the igniting mixture becomes more fuel-lean and the high-temperature ignition occurs on the fuel-lean side. The ignition behavior is found to depend on both physical and chemical processes. At 170 bar, the reaction rate increases and the associated transition from low- to high-temperature ignition is relatively fast, as compared to the transport of warmer products from the lean zone into the fuel-rich mixture. Also, within the fuel-rich region, the local temperature is low due to liquid fuel vaporization and the condition is not appropriate for ignition. These collectively cause the high-temperature ignition to occur on the fuel-lean side. Analyses on the quasi-steady spray flame structures reveal that, apart from poorer air entrainment due to reduced lift-off length, the higher rich-zone temperature and lower scalar dissipation rate also lead to a higher peak soot volume fraction at higher Pam.

AB - This work reports on numerical investigation of effects of ambient pressure (Pam) on spray combustion under engine-like conditions. Three cases with different Pam of 42, 85 and 170 bar at a fixed ambient temperature of 1000 K are considered. Zero-dimensional calculations are first performed for autoignition of stagnant adiabatic homogenous mixtures to evaluate performance of the selected diesel surrogate fuel models and to identify the Pam effects on the most reactive mixture. An Eulerian-based transported probability density function model is then chosen for the three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics study. The results show the predicted ignition delay times and flame lift-off lengths are in reasonably good agreement with experiment, with the relative difference below 28%. The current work reveals that low-temperature reactions occur across a wide range of mixture fraction but a noticeable rise of temperature (>100 K above ambient temperature) is detected first on the fuel-lean side of the stoichiometric line in all three cases. The high-temperature ignition occurs first on the fuel-rich side in the 42 and 85 bar cases, where the igniting mixture appears to be more fuel-rich in the latter case. As Pam is further increased to 170 bar, the igniting mixture becomes more fuel-lean and the high-temperature ignition occurs on the fuel-lean side. The ignition behavior is found to depend on both physical and chemical processes. At 170 bar, the reaction rate increases and the associated transition from low- to high-temperature ignition is relatively fast, as compared to the transport of warmer products from the lean zone into the fuel-rich mixture. Also, within the fuel-rich region, the local temperature is low due to liquid fuel vaporization and the condition is not appropriate for ignition. These collectively cause the high-temperature ignition to occur on the fuel-lean side. Analyses on the quasi-steady spray flame structures reveal that, apart from poorer air entrainment due to reduced lift-off length, the higher rich-zone temperature and lower scalar dissipation rate also lead to a higher peak soot volume fraction at higher Pam.

KW - Spray flame

KW - Transported probability density function

KW - Ignition

KW - Pressure effects

U2 - 10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.020

DO - 10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.020

M3 - Journal article

VL - 237

SP - 676

EP - 685

JO - Fuel

JF - Fuel

SN - 0016-2361

ER -