Effective Thermal Properties of a HTS Transition Edge Bolometer for High-Flux Neutron Detection

Mette Bybjerg Brock*, Emil Visby Østergaard, Anders C. Wulff, Asger Bech Abrahamsen, Luise Theil Kuhn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Many applications require monitoring of increasingly high neutron flux levels. Pre-neutron characterization is performed of a superconducting transition edge bolometric device, sensitive to neutrons by an enriched boron carbide (10B4C) layer. Heat from the absorption of neutrons is simulated using an attenuated laser, while the detector is cooled to the critical temperature, Tc. Frequency dependent (4–25 Hz) and constant input power measurements are performed on a 10B4C-coated and a non-coated pixel. Results are used to fit a two lumped element thermal model. The effective specific heat is highly dependent on the input pulse duration due to the interconnected stack structure. For modulated pulses, the active volume in the thermal circuit is the full depth of the substrate in the area under the pixel. For constant power input, a large portion of the substrate is heated and the interface conductivities to the cold finger are found to be important. The detectivity is D* = 3.5 × 108 cm Hz W-1, and is only slightly lower than similar detectors. Understanding the dynamics of the detector better and using neutron excitation, it is expected that optimizations can lead to an equally good detector for cold to thermal neutrons at flux levels >106 n cm−2s−1.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2300420
JournalAdvanced Electronic Materials
Volume10
Issue number1
Number of pages9
ISSN2199-160X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Bolometer
  • Detectivity
  • Neutron
  • Transition edge sensor
  • YBCO

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