Effective-medium calculations for hydrogen in Ni, Pd, and Pt

Ole Bøssing Christensen, Per Stoltze, Karsten Wedel Jacobsen, Jens Kehlet Nørskov

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

288 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The effective-medium theory is applied to a study of the energetics of the hydrides of Ni, Pd, and Pt, stressing the properties of PdHθ for 0≤θ≤1. The calculated heat of solution and the heat of hydride formation for the three systems agree very well with experiment. We determine the favored structure for PdHθ by calculating the total energy and lattice expansion of different configurations. Vibrational frequencies and diffusion barriers of H in Pd are also treated. A simple and transparent physical picture of the hydrogen-metal interaction is developed. From the calculated energetics we make a model calculation of the phase diagram of hydrogen in palladium in qualitative agreement with experiment. On this basis we propose a new explanation of the peculiarities of the Pd-H system.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume41
Issue number18
Pages (from-to)12413-12423
ISSN2469-9950
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Bibliographical note

Copyright (1990) by the American Physical Society.

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effective-medium calculations for hydrogen in Ni, Pd, and Pt'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this