Effect on Mouse Liver Morphology of CeO2, TiO2 and Carbon Black Nanoparticles Translocated from Lungs or Deposited Intravenously

Justyna Modrzynska, Alicja Mortensen, Trine Berthing, Gitte Ravn-Haren, Józef Szarek, Anne Thoustrup Saber, Ulla Vogel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Exposure to nanoparticles by various routes results in size-dependent translocation of nanoparticles to the systemic circulation and subsequent accumulation in the liver. The purpose of this study was to determine possible adverse effects in the liver of long-lasting nanoparticle presence in the organ. Mice exposed to a single dose (162 µg/animal equivalent to 9 mg/kg body weight) of TiO2, CeO2 or carbon black nanoparticles by intratracheal instillation or intravenous injection, resulting in relatively low or high liver burdens, were followed for 1, 28 or 180 days. Clinical appearance, feed intake, body and liver weights, hematological indices, and transaminases and alkaline phosphatase activities were unaffected by exposure. Exposure-related foreign material
persisted in the liver up to 180 days after intratracheal and intravenous exposure, mainly in sinusoids, near Kupffer cells, or around blood vessels. Increased incidences of histological findings after intratracheal or intravenous exposure included: initially, prominent nuclei of Kupffer cells, the apparent increase in binucleate hepatocytes (TiO2 and carbon black) and inflammatory infiltrations (CeO2); later, cytoplasmic vacuolation, pyknosis and necrosis, especially for CeO2. Thus, neither low nor high nanoparticle burden in the liver affected enzymatic markers of liver injury, but indications of exposure-related necrotic changes, particularly for CeO2 nanoparticles, were noted.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Nano
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)222-241
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Cerium oxide
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Liver histology
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • Pyknosis
  • Nanotoxicology
  • ALT
  • AST
  • ALP


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