Effect of vegetable oil addition on bioaccessibility and biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in historically contaminated soils

Kerstin E. Scherr, Marion Hasinger, Philipp Mayer, Andreas P. Loibner

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bioaccessibility is often the limiting factor for the biodegradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in soils. The present study explores the potential of amending canola oil, an economically and ecologically attractive soil additive, for the enhancement of bioaccessibility and, in consequence, biodegradation of PAH in historically contaminated, bioaccessibility limited soils.

RESULTS: The amendment of canola oil (1% and 5%, w/w) to contaminated soils increased the bioaccessibility and the subsequent biodegradation of PAH with up to four rings. Residual concentrations of pyrene and fluoranthene in oil-treated soils were 38-53% lower compared to the unamended tests. The continuous removal of bioaccessible PAH with a passive sampling system confirmed that oil amendment indeed increased bioaccessibility, leading to a lower non-accessible PAH fraction. Canola oil amendment did, by contrast, not increase the bioaccessibility of high molecular weight PAH, likely due to their strong binding to soil organic carbon compounds.

CONCLUSION: Canola oil can be used efficiently in low concentrations to render PAH up to four rings accessible for biodegradation in historically contaminated soils. Contaminants remaining in soil after treatment may pose a significantly lowered environmental risk, as is indicated by the lack of mobilisation by a solubilising agent such as canola oil. (C) 2009 Society of Chemical Industry
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume84
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)827-835
ISSN0268-2575
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event4th European BioRemediation Conference, 3-6 September 2008, Chania, Crete, Greece -
Duration: 1 Jan 2008 → …

Conference

Conference4th European BioRemediation Conference, 3-6 September 2008, Chania, Crete, Greece
Period01/01/2008 → …

Keywords

  • Bioremediation
  • Soil
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Bioaccessibility
  • Canola oil
  • Passive sampling

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