Effect of the environmental stimuli upon the human body in winter outdoor thermal environment

Tomonori Sakoi, Emi Kondo, Jin Ishii, Tomonori Sakoi, Kenta Fukagawa, Zhecho Dimitrov Bolashikov, Tadahiro Tsuchikawa, Naoki Matsubara, Tetsumi Horikoshi

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In order to manage the outdoor thermal environment with regard to human health and the environmental impact of waste heat, quantitative evaluations are indispensable. It is necessary to use a thermal environment evaluation index. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the relationship between the psychological thermal responses of the human body and winter outdoor thermal environment variables. Subjective experiments were conducted in the winter outdoor environment. Environmental factors and human psychological responses were measured. The relationship between the psychological thermal responses of the human body and the outdoor thermal environment index ETFe (enhanced conduction-corrected modified effective temperature) in winter was shown. The variables which influence the thermal sensation vote of the human body are air temperature, long-wave thermal radiation and short-wave solar radiation. The variables that influence the thermal comfort vote of the human body are air temperature, humidity, short-wave solar radiation, long-wave thermal radiation, and heat conduction. Short-wave solar radiation, and heat conduction are among the winter outdoor thermal environment variables that affect psychological responses to heat. The use of thermal environment evaluation indices that comprise short-wave solar radiation and heat conduction in winter outdoor spaces is a valid approach. © 2013 Yoshihito Kurazumi et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article number 418742
JournalJournal of Environmental and Public Health
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Body Temperature Regulation
  • Environment
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Seasons
  • Temperature
  • Thermosensing
  • Weather
  • Young Adult
  • air temperature
  • article
  • environmental factor
  • environmental impact
  • human
  • humidity
  • priority journal
  • sensation
  • solar radiation
  • temperature
  • weather
  • winter

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