Effect of surfactants on photocatalytic toxicity of TiO2- based nanoparticles toward Vibrio fischeri marine bacteria

Hamed Baniamerian, Panagiotis Tsapekos, Merlin Alvarado-Morales, Soheila Shokrollahzadeh*, Maliheh Safavi, Irini Angelidaki

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The activity of seawater microorganisms is of great concern around the world because of high biofilm formation potential. Visible-light photocatalysis is considered to be one of essential methods for microbial control which could effectively address this challenge. Herein, the effect of three different chemical surfactants, i.e., anionic, cationic, and non-ionic, on the photocatalytic toxicity of Fe2O3-TiO2 nanoparticles towards Vibrio fischeri, a marine bacterium, was investigated under 55 w/m2 of visible light irradiation. Although all types of surfactants alone showed slight cytotoxic effects on bacteria, reduction of photocatalytic disinfection efficiency was observed in the presence of different surfactant concentrationsdue to the competitive degradation of bacteria and surfactants competing for oxidative power. The reduction ranges of the photocatalytic toxicity of the Fe2O3-TiO2 toward bacterial cells depended on the kind and concentration of the surfactants in the solution. The most significant reduction of photocatalytic toxicity was caused by the addition of non-ionic surfactants, Triton X-100. Moreover, independent of surfactant presence in reaction media, the photocatalytic inactivation rate of V. fischeri followed first order kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107936
JournalInorganic Chemistry Communications
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Bacterial inactivation
  • FeO-TiO
  • Photocatalyst
  • Surfactant
  • Visible light

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