The effect of the degree of supersaturation (DS) on absorption of the model drugs indomethacin and tadalafil was elucidated in a single-pass intestinal perfusion (SPIP) model in rats. In addition, the performance of the precipitation inhibitor (PI) hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) was evaluated when added at a concentration of 0.1% (w/v) to fasted state simulated intestinal fluid (FaSSIF and FaSSIFHPMC) used as perfusion medium. A supersaturated state was created by a solvent shift method where indomethacin or tadalafil dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) were administered to a segment of the small intestine, which subsequently was perfused with FaSSIF or FaSSIFHPMC. The perfusate was collected for 60 min, and for one group of rats dosed with 30 mg tadalafil, for 120 min. Blood samples were drawn every 15 min. The solubility of indomethacin and tadalafil in the perfusate was determined. The DS of each drug in the perfusate was calculated by dividing the concentration in the perfusate at selected time points with the solubility. The DS was above one for all timepoints for both drugs, thus showing supersaturation during the time of perfusion. For indomethacin, no improvement of the DS was seen when perfusing with FaSSIFHPMC, compared to FaSSIF. For tadalafil, a higher DS was achieved when perfusing with FaSSIFHPMC compared to FaSSIF. Perfusing the drugs with FaSSIFHPMC resulted in a significantly lower area under the curve (AUC0-60 min) for plasma concentrations of indomethacin, and no increase in the AUC0-60 min of plasma concentrations of tadalafil compared to perfusion with FaSSIF. The importance of simultaneously estimating the intraluminal DS and absorption of a drug was demonstrated by the SPIP model in the present study. Further, the study highlights the discrepancy between optimal in vitro supersaturation, intraluminal supersaturation and in vivo performance of two poorly soluble drugs, and further emphasizes the importance of optimization of in vitro methods in order to predict in vivo supersaturation and precipitation of drugs.
|Journal||European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- Intestinal perfusion
- Oral drug delivery