Effect of strain gradient on the microstructure and mechanical properties of pearlitic steel

Johan Ahlström*, Xiaodan Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

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Pearlitic steels, with a combination of good strength and wear properties, are commonly used for railway rails. The passage of trains creates large shear strain gradients in the surface layer of rails. Knowledge of the microstructural evolution and material properties as related to the shear strain in this layer is therefore important for prediction both of crack evolution and fatigue life. A bi-axial torsion-compression machine was used to deform fully pearlitic R260 rail steel test bars to create a similar gradient structure. Uniaxial tension and compression tests were performed on these pre-deformed test bars to evaluate the mechanical properties of the material. The local microstructural parameters, such as thickness of the ferrite and cementite lamellae, the dislocation density in the ferrite lamellae, the interlamellar spacing and eth local hardness at different places across the diameter of the bars, as well as microstructural evolution across the radius, were characterized. An attempt to set up a correlation between the local microstructural parameters, hardness and the macro mechanical properties is made and discussed in the present study.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012027
JournalI O P Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event40th Risø International Symposium on Material Science: Metal Microstructures in 2D, 3D, and 4D - Roskilde, Denmark
Duration: 2 Sep 20196 Sep 2019


Conference40th Risø International Symposium on Material Science: Metal Microstructures in 2D, 3D, and 4D

Bibliographical note

GA no. 788567


M4D: Metal Microstructures in Four Dimensions

Juul Jensen, D.


Project: Research

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