Effect of spherical porosity on co-fired dense/porous zirconia bi-layers cambering

Francesca Teocoli*, Debora Marani, Wolff-Ragnar Kiebach, Vincenzo Esposito

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Geometrical instability leading to cambering is recorded during co-sintering of zirconia dense/porous bi-layered planar structures. Sintering strain in the bi-layers rises mainly from mismatch between the different porosity volume fractions at the layers and their interface. In this paper, we analyze the model case of dense taped of 8 mol% Y2O3-stabilized ZrO2 laminated on ca. 400 μ thick 3 mol% Y2O3 doped zirconia porous tapes, with homogenous spherical porosity of 13 vol%, 46 vol%, and 54 vol%. Sintering stress during densification is evaluated from the shrinkage rates and viscoelastic behavior during sintering by thermo-mechanical analysis, using cyclic loading dilatometry. The camber development of the bi-layers is measured by in-situ optical dilatometry. In accordance with the model prediction, cambering can be controlled tuning the porosity while achieving a synergetic effect between densification and formation of open porosity at the bilayers.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)173-179
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Zirconia
  • Sintering
  • Interface
  • Porosity
  • SOFC

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